Can the optimal cervical length for placing ultrasound-indicated cerclage be identified?

Vaginal Ultrasound Trial Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess a continuum of cervical length (CL) cut-offs for the efficacy of ultrasound-indicated cerclage in women with previous spontaneous preterm birth (PTB).

METHODS: This was a planned secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized clinical trial of ultrasound-indicated cerclage for the prevention of PTB in high-risk women. The efficacy of cerclage for preventing recurrent PTB < 35, < 32 and < 24 weeks' gestation was assessed using multivariable logistic regression analysis. Odds ratios (ORs) and CIs were estimated for a range of CL cut-offs using bootstrap regression. The 2.5(th) and 97.5(th) percentiles of bootstrapped ORs determined the CIs. Results were illustrated using smoothed curves superimposed on estimated ORs by CL cut-off.

RESULTS: Of 301 women with a CL < 25 mm, 142 underwent ultrasound-indicated cerclage and 159 did not have cerclage placement. The few cases with CL < 10 mm limited the evaluation to CL cut-offs between < 10 mm and < 25 mm. For PTB < 35 weeks, ORs in women with a cerclage and CL < 25 mm were statistically significantly lower than in those without cerclage, and efficacy was maintained at smaller CL cut-offs. Results were similar for PTB < 32 weeks. For PTB < 24 weeks, results differed, with ORs increasing toward unity (no benefit), with wide CIs, for CL cut-offs between < 10 mm and < 15 mm, attributed to the small number of births < 24 weeks.

CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of ultrasound-indicated cerclage in women with previous spontaneous PTB varies by action point CL cut-off and by PTB gestational age of interest. Cerclage significantly reduces the risk of PTB < 35 and < 32 weeks, at CL cut-offs between < 10 mm and < 25 mm, with the greatest reduction at shorter CL, affirming that women with prior spontaneous PTB and a short CL are appropriate candidates for ultrasound-indicated cerclage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-47
Number of pages5
JournalUltrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • cerclage
  • cervical length
  • preterm birth prediction
  • vaginal sonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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