Carcinoma of the breast. The prognostic significance of extranodal extension of axillary disease

Nobby C. Mambo, H. Stephen Gallager

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56 Scopus citations


A retrospective study to determine the effect of extranodal axillary disease on prognosis in invasive carcinoma of the breast was undertaken in a series of 152 cases. It was found that extranodal disease has an unfavorable effect on prognosis in those patients with three or less involved axillary nodes and no effect on prognosis in those patients with four or more involved axillary nodes. Extranodal axillary disease was found to have no influence on the interval between surgery and initial recurrence nor on the anatomic distribution of the recurrence, local or remote.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2280-2285
Number of pages6
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1977


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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