Gut ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) provokes lung injury via a mechanism that involves neutrophils [polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs)]. CD11b/CD18 (αmB2) is the integrin receptor on PMNs critical for adhesion-dependent oxidative burst. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanistic role of CD11b in the process of gut I/R-induced lung injury. Sprague-Dawley rats underwent 45 minutes of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion with and without CD11b monoclonal antibody treatment (IB6) (1 mg/kg, IV), before SMA clamping. At 2-hour reperfusion, PMN presence in tissue was quantitated by myeloperoxidase activity and circulating PMN priming determined by the difference in superoxide production with and without N-formyl-methionyl- leucyl-phenylalanine, whereas lung leak was assessed by 125I-albumin lung/blood ratio. In sum, CD11b blockade prevented gut I/R-induced lung leak, but did not attenuate gut I/R-induced PMN priming or tissue PMN accumulation. In conclusion, gut I/R promotes PMN priming and PMN adhesion in both local and distant beds via receptors other than CD11b, but this B2 integrin receptor is critical for PMN-mediated endothelial injury.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care|
|State||Published - Aug 17 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine