CD47 agonist peptide PKHB1 induces immunogenic cell death in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells

Ashanti Concepción Uscanga-Palomeque, Kenny Misael Calvillo-Rodríguez, Luis Gómez-Morales, Eva Lardé, Thomas Denèfle, Diana Caballero-Hernández, Hélène Merle-Béral, Santos A. Susin, Philippe Karoyan, Ana Carolina Martínez-Torres, Cristina Rodríguez-Padilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) has a poor prognosis derived from its genetic heterogeneity, which translates to a high chemoresistance. Recently, our workgroup designed thrombospondin-1-derived CD47 agonist peptides and demonstrated their ability to induce cell death in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Encouraged by these promising results, we evaluated cell death induced by PKHB1 (the first-described serum-stable CD47-agonist peptide) on CEM and MOLT-4 human cell lines (T-ALL) and on one T-murine tumor lymphoblast cell-line (L5178Y-R), also assessing caspase and calcium dependency and mitochondrial membrane potential. Additionally, we evaluated selectivity for cancer cell lines by analyzing cell death and viability of human and murine non-tumor cells after CD47 activation. In vivo, we determined that PKHB1-treatment in mice bearing the L5178Y-R cell line increased leukocyte cell count in peripheral blood and lymphoid organs while recruiting leukocytes to the tumor site. To analyze whether CD47 activation induced immunogenic cell death (ICD), we evaluated damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMP) exposure (calreticulin, CRT) and release (ATP, heat shock proteins 70 and 90, high-mobility group box 1, CRT). Furthermore, we gave prophylactic antitumor vaccination, determining immunological memory. Our data indicate that PKHB1 induces caspase-independent and calcium-dependent cell death in leukemic cells while sparing non-tumor murine and human cells. Moreover, our results show that PKHB1 can induce ICD in leukemic cells as it induces CRT exposure and DAMP release in vitro, and prophylactic vaccinations inhibit tumor establishment in vivo. Together, our results improve the knowledge of CD47 agonist peptides potential as therapeutic tools to treat leukemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)256-268
Number of pages13
JournalCancer Science
Volume110
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • cancer vaccine
  • CD47
  • DAMP
  • immunogenic cell death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Uscanga-Palomeque, A. C., Calvillo-Rodríguez, K. M., Gómez-Morales, L., Lardé, E., Denèfle, T., Caballero-Hernández, D., Merle-Béral, H., Susin, S. A., Karoyan, P., Martínez-Torres, A. C., & Rodríguez-Padilla, C. (2019). CD47 agonist peptide PKHB1 induces immunogenic cell death in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells. Cancer Science, 110(1), 256-268. https://doi.org/10.1111/cas.13885