Cell-Based Therapy for Canavan Disease Using Human iPSC-Derived NPCs and OPCs

Lizhao Feng, Jianfei Chao, E. Tian, Li Li, Peng Ye, Mi Zhang, Xianwei Chen, Qi Cui, Guihua Sun, Tao Zhou, Gerardo Felix, Yue Qin, Wendong Li, Edward David Meza, Jeremy Klein, Lucy Ghoda, Weidong Hu, Yonglun Luo, Wei Dang, David HsuJoseph Gold, Steven A. Goldman, Reuben Matalon, Yanhong Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Canavan disease (CD) is a fatal leukodystrophy caused by mutation of the aspartoacylase (ASPA) gene, which leads to deficiency in ASPA activity, accumulation of the substrate N-acetyl-L-aspartate (NAA), demyelination, and spongy degeneration of the brain. There is neither a cure nor a standard treatment for this disease. In this study, human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-based cell therapy is developed for CD. A functional ASPA gene is introduced into patient iPSC-derived neural progenitor cells (iNPCs) or oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (iOPCs) via lentiviral transduction or TALEN-mediated genetic engineering to generate ASPA iNPC or ASPA iOPC. After stereotactic transplantation into a CD (Nur7) mouse model, the engrafted cells are able to rescue major pathological features of CD, including deficient ASPA activity, elevated NAA levels, extensive vacuolation, defective myelination, and motor function deficits, in a robust and sustainable manner. Moreover, the transplanted mice exhibit much prolonged survival. These genetically engineered patient iPSC-derived cellular products are promising cell therapies for CD. This study has the potential to bring effective cell therapies, for the first time, to Canavan disease children who have no treatment options. The approach established in this study can also benefit many other children who have deadly genetic diseases that have no cure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAdvanced Science
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Canavan disease
  • iPSCs
  • leukodystrophy
  • neural progenitor cells (NPCs)
  • neurological diseases
  • oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs)
  • stem cell therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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