Cell-specific expression of mouse albumin promoter. Evidence for cell-specific DNA elements within the proximal promoter region and cis-acting DNA elements upstream of -160

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Abstract

Regulation of albumin gene expression is believed to be mediated by multiple nuclear factors that interact with cis-acting DNA sequences within the first 160 base pairs (bp) of the promoter. The minimal promoter sequence required to generate tissue-specific expression has not been clearly defined. We have constructed a series of transient expression vectors containing progressive deletions of the mouse albumin gene 5'-flanking sequence fused to the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene and include the Moloney murine leukemia viral (Mo-MuLV) enhancer. Promoter activity was determined in mouse hepatoma and fibroblast cell lines by chloramphenicol acetyltransferase and S1 nuclease analyses. All constructions were compared with -623 Albcat-Mo-MuLV which contains all the sequence homology between the rat and mouse promoters. Low levels of expression were observed with -60 Albcat-Mo-MuLV (10%) in hepatoma but not fibroblast cells. Addition of promoter sequence to -208 bp progressively increased activity to 190% in the hepatoma cells, while -308 and -1612 Albcat-Mo-MuLV had activity similar to the -623 Albcat-Mo-MuLV level, and -3000 Albcat-Mo-MuLV showed a 2-fold reduction in transcriptional activity. The inclusion of promoter sequences upstream of -60 generated low levels of expression in the fibroblasts. We also show that factors from mouse liver nuclear extracts protect at least five regions of the albumin promoter upstream of -160. Our results indicate that tissue specificity is established within the proximal promoter region and that additional cis-acting elements of that may have a functional role in the efficiency albumin gene expression are located upstream of -160 bp.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9171-9179
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume264
Issue number16
StatePublished - 1989

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Genetic Promoter Regions
Albumins
Leukemia
Fibroblasts
Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase
DNA
Gene expression
Base Pairing
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Genes
Cells
Tissue
5' Flanking Region
DNA sequences
Liver
Rats
Liver Extracts
Organ Specificity
Gene Expression Regulation
Sequence Homology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Cell-specific expression of mouse albumin promoter. Evidence for cell-specific DNA elements within the proximal promoter region and cis-acting DNA elements upstream of -160",
abstract = "Regulation of albumin gene expression is believed to be mediated by multiple nuclear factors that interact with cis-acting DNA sequences within the first 160 base pairs (bp) of the promoter. The minimal promoter sequence required to generate tissue-specific expression has not been clearly defined. We have constructed a series of transient expression vectors containing progressive deletions of the mouse albumin gene 5'-flanking sequence fused to the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene and include the Moloney murine leukemia viral (Mo-MuLV) enhancer. Promoter activity was determined in mouse hepatoma and fibroblast cell lines by chloramphenicol acetyltransferase and S1 nuclease analyses. All constructions were compared with -623 Albcat-Mo-MuLV which contains all the sequence homology between the rat and mouse promoters. Low levels of expression were observed with -60 Albcat-Mo-MuLV (10{\%}) in hepatoma but not fibroblast cells. Addition of promoter sequence to -208 bp progressively increased activity to 190{\%} in the hepatoma cells, while -308 and -1612 Albcat-Mo-MuLV had activity similar to the -623 Albcat-Mo-MuLV level, and -3000 Albcat-Mo-MuLV showed a 2-fold reduction in transcriptional activity. The inclusion of promoter sequences upstream of -60 generated low levels of expression in the fibroblasts. We also show that factors from mouse liver nuclear extracts protect at least five regions of the albumin promoter upstream of -160. Our results indicate that tissue specificity is established within the proximal promoter region and that additional cis-acting elements of that may have a functional role in the efficiency albumin gene expression are located upstream of -160 bp.",
author = "Izban, {M. G.} and John Papaconstantinou",
year = "1989",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "264",
pages = "9171--9179",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
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T1 - Cell-specific expression of mouse albumin promoter. Evidence for cell-specific DNA elements within the proximal promoter region and cis-acting DNA elements upstream of -160

AU - Izban, M. G.

AU - Papaconstantinou, John

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - Regulation of albumin gene expression is believed to be mediated by multiple nuclear factors that interact with cis-acting DNA sequences within the first 160 base pairs (bp) of the promoter. The minimal promoter sequence required to generate tissue-specific expression has not been clearly defined. We have constructed a series of transient expression vectors containing progressive deletions of the mouse albumin gene 5'-flanking sequence fused to the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene and include the Moloney murine leukemia viral (Mo-MuLV) enhancer. Promoter activity was determined in mouse hepatoma and fibroblast cell lines by chloramphenicol acetyltransferase and S1 nuclease analyses. All constructions were compared with -623 Albcat-Mo-MuLV which contains all the sequence homology between the rat and mouse promoters. Low levels of expression were observed with -60 Albcat-Mo-MuLV (10%) in hepatoma but not fibroblast cells. Addition of promoter sequence to -208 bp progressively increased activity to 190% in the hepatoma cells, while -308 and -1612 Albcat-Mo-MuLV had activity similar to the -623 Albcat-Mo-MuLV level, and -3000 Albcat-Mo-MuLV showed a 2-fold reduction in transcriptional activity. The inclusion of promoter sequences upstream of -60 generated low levels of expression in the fibroblasts. We also show that factors from mouse liver nuclear extracts protect at least five regions of the albumin promoter upstream of -160. Our results indicate that tissue specificity is established within the proximal promoter region and that additional cis-acting elements of that may have a functional role in the efficiency albumin gene expression are located upstream of -160 bp.

AB - Regulation of albumin gene expression is believed to be mediated by multiple nuclear factors that interact with cis-acting DNA sequences within the first 160 base pairs (bp) of the promoter. The minimal promoter sequence required to generate tissue-specific expression has not been clearly defined. We have constructed a series of transient expression vectors containing progressive deletions of the mouse albumin gene 5'-flanking sequence fused to the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene and include the Moloney murine leukemia viral (Mo-MuLV) enhancer. Promoter activity was determined in mouse hepatoma and fibroblast cell lines by chloramphenicol acetyltransferase and S1 nuclease analyses. All constructions were compared with -623 Albcat-Mo-MuLV which contains all the sequence homology between the rat and mouse promoters. Low levels of expression were observed with -60 Albcat-Mo-MuLV (10%) in hepatoma but not fibroblast cells. Addition of promoter sequence to -208 bp progressively increased activity to 190% in the hepatoma cells, while -308 and -1612 Albcat-Mo-MuLV had activity similar to the -623 Albcat-Mo-MuLV level, and -3000 Albcat-Mo-MuLV showed a 2-fold reduction in transcriptional activity. The inclusion of promoter sequences upstream of -60 generated low levels of expression in the fibroblasts. We also show that factors from mouse liver nuclear extracts protect at least five regions of the albumin promoter upstream of -160. Our results indicate that tissue specificity is established within the proximal promoter region and that additional cis-acting elements of that may have a functional role in the efficiency albumin gene expression are located upstream of -160 bp.

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