Cellular plasma membrane domains

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The plasma membranes of migrating cells differentiate into at least three distinct domains as defined by the laser tweezers and the motile behaviour of particles bound to specific membrane glycoproteins. These domains are important for steps in the cell migration process. First, there is a domain at the leading edge of the lamellipodium where preferential attachment of cross-linked glycoproteins to the cytoskeleton occurs. The second domain at the rear of the cell is differentiated for releasing from substrata and shows decreased support of the membrane by the cytoskeleton. The third domain is the highly curved region(s) of the plasma membrane wherein certain membrane glycoproteins concentrate and is a site for controlling extension and attachment. Using single particle tracking and video analysis we find that the quantitative differences between plasma membrane domains are in the 4-20-fold range at any given time. These values are consistent with the rapid fluctuations seen in cell migration rates and directions. Over a longer time-scale, celts can possibly integrate these selective advantages to give a much higher overall fidelity for cell chemotaxis and neuronal path finding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-91
Number of pages3
JournalMolecular membrane biology
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Cell migration
  • Integrins
  • Membrane curvature
  • Single particle tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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