Sepsis is a life-threatening event when it occurs in patients suffering from smoke inhalation injury. Pneumonia is one of the most frequent sources of infection in sepsis. Activated leukocytes likely play a role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Cepharanthin is a biscoclaurine alkaloid that reportedly inhibits the activation of neutrophils. In this study, we investigated the effects of cephranthin on a post-smoke inhalation model of sepsis in sheep. Female sheep (n = 15) were surgically prepared for the study. After 5 days recovery from the operative procedures, tracheostomy was performed in all animals and 48 breaths of cotton smoke (<40 degrees C) were given via a modified bee smoker under halothane anesthesia. After smoke insufflation, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (5 x 109 cfu/kg) was instilled into the airway using a bronchoscope. All of the animals were mechanically ventilated with 100% O(2). Cepharanthin (1.3 mg/kg/h) was infused in five sheep continuously beginning 1 h after the insult and thereafter for the remainder of the 24-h study period. Control animals (n = 6) were treated with 5% dextrose as a vehicle control. Cepharanthin significantly attenuated changes in lung histology as well as in lung wet/dry weight ratio. An in vitro study revealed that cepharanthin inhibited the release of neutrophil elastase from isolated neutrophils stimulated with either formyl-methyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) or phorbol myristate acetate with an IC(50) of 60 microM. Cepharanthin also inhibited the fMLP-induced increase in intracellular calcium levels of neutrophils. This result indicates cepharanthin inhibits protein kinase C or a more downstream signaling pathway in neutrophil activation. In conclusion, cepharanthin attenuates acute lung injury and septic shock after smoke inhalation in sheep.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Shock (Augusta, Ga.)|
|State||Published - Jul 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine