Changes in blood pressure and risk factors for cardiovascular disease among older Mexican-Americans from 1982-1984 to 1993-1994

Christine A. Stroup-Benham, Kyriakos S. Markides, David V. Espino, James S. Goodwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To determine the 10-year changes in blood pressure and cardiovascular risk factors among older Mexican-Americans. DESIGN: Comparative analyses of the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES) and the Hispanic EPESE (Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly). Both of these were population-based studies using a multistage stratified probability sampling design of noninstitutionalized persons. SETTING: Five US states in the southwest: Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 216 Mexican- Americans aged 65 to 74 from the 1982-1984 HHANES and 3050 Mexican-Americans aged 65+ from the 1993-1994 Hispanic FPESE. MEASUREMENTS: Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure; cigarette smoking; high levels of alcohol use; body mass index and obesity; self-reported heart attack, stroke, and diabetes; hypertension. RESULTS: Among 65- to 74-year-old Mexican-Americans, there was a decrease over time in the percent of those who smoked cigarettes from 27.60% to 13.96% and a decrease in mean systolic blood pressure level. The percent of subjects categorized as obese or severely obese increased significantly, as did the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes, increasing from 20.06% in 1982-1984 to 29.82% in 1993-1994. Mean diastolic blood pressure increased from 77.15 mm Hg in 1982-1984 to 81.21 mm Hg in 1993-1994. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest major changes in cardiovascular risk factors between 1982-1984 and 19931994 among older Mexican-Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)804-810
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1999


  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Hispanic
  • Mexican- American
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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