Changes in psychosocial well-being after mindfulness-based stress reduction

a prospective cohort study

Renee J. Hill, Lindsey C. McKernan, Li Wang, Rogelio A. Coronado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The primary purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program, facilitated by non-psychologist clinicians, for improving psychosocial well-being. A secondary purpose of the current study was to explore the role of self-compassion as a potential underlying factor for improvements in emotional distress. Application of these findings to a physical therapy setting is provided. Methods: One hundred and thirty participants with a variety of medical complaints completed an eight-week MBSR program at Vanderbilt University’s Osher Center for Integrative Medicine. Prior to the intervention and at the eight-week time point, participants completed measures for emotional distress (Brief Symptom Inventory), stress (Perceived Stress Scale-10), mindfulness (Mindfulness Attention and Awareness Scale), and self-compassion (Self-Compassion Scale). Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to evaluate changes in outcomes after MBSR. Linear model estimation using ordinary least squares was used to evaluate the association between changes in self-compassion with changes in emotional distress. Results: Following MBSR, participants reported significant reductions in emotional distress (p < 0.001). Additionally, participants reported improvements in mindfulness and self-compassion (p < 0.001). Linear regression model revealed that changes in self-compassion were significantly associated with changes in emotional distress (p < 0.001). Discussion: An MBSR program conducted by non-psychologist clinicians was associated with improvements in emotional distress, stress, and self-compassion. MBSR is a promising adjunct intervention in which principles can be integrated within a physical therapy approach for chronic conditions. Level of Evidence: 3B

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - May 5 2017

Fingerprint

Mindfulness
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies
Linear Models
Integrative Medicine
Nonparametric Statistics
Least-Squares Analysis
Psychological Stress
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • chronic pain
  • complementary therapies
  • health promotion
  • Mindfulness
  • physical therapy specialty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Changes in psychosocial well-being after mindfulness-based stress reduction : a prospective cohort study. / Hill, Renee J.; McKernan, Lindsey C.; Wang, Li; Coronado, Rogelio A.

In: Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy, 05.05.2017, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cfc1200732cb4955a5b55c0daaea9ae2,
title = "Changes in psychosocial well-being after mindfulness-based stress reduction: a prospective cohort study",
abstract = "Objectives: The primary purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program, facilitated by non-psychologist clinicians, for improving psychosocial well-being. A secondary purpose of the current study was to explore the role of self-compassion as a potential underlying factor for improvements in emotional distress. Application of these findings to a physical therapy setting is provided. Methods: One hundred and thirty participants with a variety of medical complaints completed an eight-week MBSR program at Vanderbilt University’s Osher Center for Integrative Medicine. Prior to the intervention and at the eight-week time point, participants completed measures for emotional distress (Brief Symptom Inventory), stress (Perceived Stress Scale-10), mindfulness (Mindfulness Attention and Awareness Scale), and self-compassion (Self-Compassion Scale). Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to evaluate changes in outcomes after MBSR. Linear model estimation using ordinary least squares was used to evaluate the association between changes in self-compassion with changes in emotional distress. Results: Following MBSR, participants reported significant reductions in emotional distress (p < 0.001). Additionally, participants reported improvements in mindfulness and self-compassion (p < 0.001). Linear regression model revealed that changes in self-compassion were significantly associated with changes in emotional distress (p < 0.001). Discussion: An MBSR program conducted by non-psychologist clinicians was associated with improvements in emotional distress, stress, and self-compassion. MBSR is a promising adjunct intervention in which principles can be integrated within a physical therapy approach for chronic conditions. Level of Evidence: 3B",
keywords = "chronic pain, complementary therapies, health promotion, Mindfulness, physical therapy specialty",
author = "Hill, {Renee J.} and McKernan, {Lindsey C.} and Li Wang and Coronado, {Rogelio A.}",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1080/10669817.2017.1323608",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy",
issn = "1066-9817",
publisher = "Maney Publishing",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in psychosocial well-being after mindfulness-based stress reduction

T2 - a prospective cohort study

AU - Hill, Renee J.

AU - McKernan, Lindsey C.

AU - Wang, Li

AU - Coronado, Rogelio A.

PY - 2017/5/5

Y1 - 2017/5/5

N2 - Objectives: The primary purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program, facilitated by non-psychologist clinicians, for improving psychosocial well-being. A secondary purpose of the current study was to explore the role of self-compassion as a potential underlying factor for improvements in emotional distress. Application of these findings to a physical therapy setting is provided. Methods: One hundred and thirty participants with a variety of medical complaints completed an eight-week MBSR program at Vanderbilt University’s Osher Center for Integrative Medicine. Prior to the intervention and at the eight-week time point, participants completed measures for emotional distress (Brief Symptom Inventory), stress (Perceived Stress Scale-10), mindfulness (Mindfulness Attention and Awareness Scale), and self-compassion (Self-Compassion Scale). Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to evaluate changes in outcomes after MBSR. Linear model estimation using ordinary least squares was used to evaluate the association between changes in self-compassion with changes in emotional distress. Results: Following MBSR, participants reported significant reductions in emotional distress (p < 0.001). Additionally, participants reported improvements in mindfulness and self-compassion (p < 0.001). Linear regression model revealed that changes in self-compassion were significantly associated with changes in emotional distress (p < 0.001). Discussion: An MBSR program conducted by non-psychologist clinicians was associated with improvements in emotional distress, stress, and self-compassion. MBSR is a promising adjunct intervention in which principles can be integrated within a physical therapy approach for chronic conditions. Level of Evidence: 3B

AB - Objectives: The primary purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program, facilitated by non-psychologist clinicians, for improving psychosocial well-being. A secondary purpose of the current study was to explore the role of self-compassion as a potential underlying factor for improvements in emotional distress. Application of these findings to a physical therapy setting is provided. Methods: One hundred and thirty participants with a variety of medical complaints completed an eight-week MBSR program at Vanderbilt University’s Osher Center for Integrative Medicine. Prior to the intervention and at the eight-week time point, participants completed measures for emotional distress (Brief Symptom Inventory), stress (Perceived Stress Scale-10), mindfulness (Mindfulness Attention and Awareness Scale), and self-compassion (Self-Compassion Scale). Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to evaluate changes in outcomes after MBSR. Linear model estimation using ordinary least squares was used to evaluate the association between changes in self-compassion with changes in emotional distress. Results: Following MBSR, participants reported significant reductions in emotional distress (p < 0.001). Additionally, participants reported improvements in mindfulness and self-compassion (p < 0.001). Linear regression model revealed that changes in self-compassion were significantly associated with changes in emotional distress (p < 0.001). Discussion: An MBSR program conducted by non-psychologist clinicians was associated with improvements in emotional distress, stress, and self-compassion. MBSR is a promising adjunct intervention in which principles can be integrated within a physical therapy approach for chronic conditions. Level of Evidence: 3B

KW - chronic pain

KW - complementary therapies

KW - health promotion

KW - Mindfulness

KW - physical therapy specialty

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018300211&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85018300211&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/10669817.2017.1323608

DO - 10.1080/10669817.2017.1323608

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy

JF - Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy

SN - 1066-9817

ER -