Chapter 9 Cell Membrane Mechanics

Jianwu Dai, Michael Sheetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter discusses the cell membrane mechanics. Biological membranes are critical to the life of a cell because the hydrophobic interior of the phospholipid bilayer forms a barrier to the transport of solutes and macromolecules between the cell interior and its environment. In many respects biological membranes can be treated as two-dimensional materials. Strictly speaking, they are continuous only in the two dimensions of the cell surface, with a molecular character in the direction normal to the surface. The important mechanical properties of the membrane include its elastic modulus, shear modulus, bending stiffness, and viscosity. From the view of mechanics, membranes have a remarkably low shear modulus, a high elastic modulus, and a reasonable bending stiffness influenced strongly by the membrane proteins, including cytoskeletal elements. Another mechanical feature of bilayers is that the two surfaces can be independently modulated, which will induce curvature through the bilayer couple.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-171
Number of pages15
JournalMethods in Cell Biology
Volume55
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Mechanics
Cell Membrane
Membranes
Elastic Modulus
Viscosity
Phospholipids
Membrane Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Chapter 9 Cell Membrane Mechanics. / Dai, Jianwu; Sheetz, Michael.

In: Methods in Cell Biology, Vol. 55, No. C, 01.01.1997, p. 157-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dai, Jianwu ; Sheetz, Michael. / Chapter 9 Cell Membrane Mechanics. In: Methods in Cell Biology. 1997 ; Vol. 55, No. C. pp. 157-171.
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