Characteristics of Mexican-American elders with dementia presenting to a community-based memory evaluation program

David V. Espino, David DelAguila, Charles Mouton, Cynthia Alford, Robert W. Parker, Toni P. Miles, Olga Olivares

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine sociodemographic characteristics associated with the initial presentation of Mexican-American elders to a community-based memory evaluation clinic. Methods: Retrospective review of the charts of 89 Mexican Americans presenting consecutively to an outpatient memory evaluation clinic in San Antonio, Texas. Principal findings: Mexican Americans presented for evaluation with more moderate-to-severe cognitive impairment than previously reported. They also tended to have high levels of IADL (83.1%) and gait/balance (52.3%) impairment, as well as high levels of depressive symptoms (63.1%). Conclusions: Mexican Americans present for initial evaluation for memory decline with moderate-to-severe cognitive decline and significant dementia-associated co-morbidities. In Mexican Americans, caregiver burden, fall risks, depressive symptoms, and need for IADL support should be addressed on the initial visit for memory decline.

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Keywords

  • Dementia
  • Mexican American diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Espino, D. V., DelAguila, D., Mouton, C., Alford, C., Parker, R. W., Miles, T. P., & Olivares, O. (2002). Characteristics of Mexican-American elders with dementia presenting to a community-based memory evaluation program. Ethnicity and Disease, 12(4), 517-521.