Characterization of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells Following Burn Injury

Anesh Prasai, Amina El Ayadi, Randy C. Mifflin, Michael D. Wetzel, Clark R. Andersen, Heinz Redl, David N. Herndon, Celeste C. Finnerty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Severe burns induce a prolonged inflammatory response in subcutaneous adipose tissue that modulates signaling in adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs), which hold potential for healing burn wounds or generating skin substitutes. Using a 60% rat scald burn model, we conducted a series of experiments to determine which cells isolated from the adipose tissue produced inflammatory mediators and how these changes affect ASC fate and function. The stromal vascular fraction (SVF), adipocytes, and ASCs were isolated from adipose tissue at varying times up to 4 weeks postburn and from non-injured controls. Endpoints included inflammatory marker expression, expression of ASC-specific cell-surface markers, DNA damage, differentiation potential, and proliferation. Inflammatory marker expression was induced in adipocytes and the SVF at 24 and 48 h postburn; expression of inflammatory marker mRNA transcripts and protein returned to normal in the SVF isolated 1 week postburn. In enriched ASCs, burns did not alter cell-surface expression of stem cell markers, markers of inflammation, differentiation potential, or proliferative ability. These results suggest that adipocytes and the SVF produce large quantities of inflammatory mediators, but that ASCs do not, after burns and that ASCs are unaffected by burn injury or culturing procedures. They also suggest that cells isolated over 48 h after injury are best for cell culture or tissue engineering purposes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)781-792
Number of pages12
JournalStem Cell Reviews and Reports
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • Adipocytes
  • Adipose tissue
  • Adipose-derived stem cell
  • Burns
  • Inflammation
  • Stromal vascular fraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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