Granulysin and NK-lysin are antimicrobial proteins found in the granules of human and swine cytotoxic lymphocytes. A murine counterpart to granulysin has not been identified to date, indicating the importance of additional models to fully characterize the role of granulysin-like molecules in the immune response to infectious disease. Two partial nucleotide sequences corresponding to the complete functional domain of granulysin and NK-lysin were amplified from bovine PBMC mRNA. Following stimulation with phorbol ester and calcium ionophore, expression of the bovine gene was detected in CD3+ T cells, CD4 + T cells, CD8+ T cells, WC1+ γδ T cells, and PBMC depleted of CD3+ T cells, but was absent in CD21 + cells and CD14+ cells. Intracellular flow cytometry and immunoblotting confirmed the presence of protein corresponding to the bovine granulysin homologue in activated T lymphocytes and PBMC. Synthetic human, bovine, and swine peptides corresponding to the C terminus of helix 2 through helix 3 region of granulysin displayed potent antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin. Human and bovine peptides corresponding to helix 2 displayed antimycobacterial activity against M. bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin. Expression of the bovine gene was detected in laser microscopy-dissected lymph node lesions from an M. bovis-infected animal. The identification of a biologically active bovine homologue to granulysin demonstrates the potential of the bovine model in characterizing the role of granulysin in the immune response to a variety of infectious agents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy