Spermidine and spermine, as well as several other structurally related compounds, were tested in a [3H]N-(1-[thienyl]cyclohexyl) piperidine ([3H]TCP) binding assay to determine the structural requirements of polyamines for activation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate-operated ion channel. Under nonequilibrium conditions, the polyamines enhanced [3H]TCP binding approximately 9-fold, with EC50 values ranging from 0.8 to 60 μM. The order of potency in enhancing [3H]TCP binding was N,N′-bis(3-aminopropyl)-1,3-propanediamine > N,N′-bis-(3-aminopropyl)-ethylenediamine > spermine > spermidine > N,N′-bis-(2-aminoethyl)-1,3-propanediamine. 1,3-Diaminopropane produced a partial agonistic effect, whereas putrescine, cadaverine, and 1,7-diaminoheptane were without effect at concentrations up to 1 mM. Eadie-Hofstee analysis of spermidine-induced [3H]TCP binding at equilibrium revealed a 3-fold increase in the affinity without a significant change in receptor density. This was further supported by kinetic data that showed that spermidine produced an increase in the association rate and a decrease in the dissociation rate of [3H]TCP binding to its site. Putrescine, cadaverine, and 1,3-diaminopropane antagonized the effects of spermidine by an apparently noncompetitive mechanism. Magnesium ions mimicked the effects of putrescine, suggesting the possibility that the inhibitory effects of Mg2+ and putrescine are mechanistically related.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Apr 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine