Characterization of the stimulatory and inhibitory effects of polyamines on [3H]N-(1-[thienyl]cyclohexyl) piperidine binding to the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor ionophore complex

A. I. Sacaan, K. M. Johnson

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Abstract

Spermidine and spermine, as well as several other structurally related compounds, were tested in a [3H]N-(1-[thienyl]cyclohexyl) eridine ([3H]TCP) binding assay to determine the structural requirements of polyamines for activation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate-operated ion channel. Under nonequilibrium conditions, the polyamines enhanced [3H]TCP binding approximately 9-fold, with EC50 values ranging from 0.8 to 60 μM. The order of potency in enhancing [3H]TCP binding was N,N'-bis(3-aminopropyl)-1,3-propanediamine > N,N'-bis-(3-aminopropyl)-ethylenediamine > spermine spermidine > N,N'-bis-(2-aminoethyl)-1,3-propanediamine. 1,3-Diaminopropane produced a partial agonistic effect, whereas putrescine, cadaverine, and 1,7-diaminoheptane were without effect at concentrations up to 1 mM. Eadie-Hofstee analysis of spermidine-induced [3H]TCP binding at equilibrium revealed a 3-fold increase in the affinity without a significant change in receptor density. This was further supported by kinetic data that showed that spermidine produced an increase in the association rate and a decrease in the dissociation rate of [3H]TCP binding to its site. Putrescine, cadaverine, and 1,3-diaminopropane antagonized the effects of spermidine by an apparently noncompetitive mechanism. Magnesium ions mimicked the effects of putrescine, suggesting the possibility that the inhibitory effects of Mg2+ and putrescine are mechanistically related.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)572-577
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular pharmacology
Volume37
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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