Chikungunya virus molecular evolution in India since its re-emergence in 2005

Sakshi Chaudhary, Jaspreet Jain, Ramesh Kumar, Jatin Shrinet, Scott C. Weaver, Albert J. Auguste, Sujatha Sunil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), an alphavirus of the Togaviridae family, is among the most medically significant mosquito-borne viruses, capable of causing major epidemics of febrile disease and severe, chronic arthritis. Identifying viral mutations is crucial for understanding virus evolution and evaluating those genetic determinants that directly impact pathogenesis and transmissibility. The present study was undertaken to expand on past CHIKV evolutionary studies through robust genome-scale phylogenetic analysis to better understand CHIKV genetic diversity and evolutionary dynamics since its reintroduction into India in 2005. We sequenced the complete genomes of fifty clinical isolates collected between 2010 and 2016 from two geographic locations, Delhi and Mumbai. We then analysed them along with 753 genomes available on the Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource sampled over fifteen years (2005–20) from a range of locations across the globe and identified novel genetic variants present in samples from this study. Our analyses show evidence of frequent reintroduction of the virus into India and that the most recent CHIKV outbreak shares a common ancestor as recently as 2006.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberveab074
JournalVirus Evolution
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chikungunya virus (CHIKV)
  • Phylogeny
  • Variants
  • Whole-genome sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Virology

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