Childhood lead poisoning in Massachusetts communities

Its association with sociodemographic and housing characteristics

J. D. Sargent, M. J. Brown, J. L. Freeman, A. Bailey, D. Goodman, D. H. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between communities' sociodemographic and housing characteristics and incidence of lead poisoning. Methods. This was a population-based correlational study of 238 275 Massachusetts children from birth through 4 years of age who were screened for lead poisoning in 1991-1992. A logistic regression model was developed with the community as the unit of analysis, the case identification rate for lead poisoning (newly identified children with venous blood lead ≥25 μg/dL per 1000 children) as the dependent variable, and Us census variables as independent variables. Results. A significant independent relationship with the community case identification rate of lead poisoning was found for seven variables: median per capita income, percentage of housing built before 1950, percentage of the population who were Black, percentage of children screened, and a 'poverty index.' Rates of iron deficiency and percentage of Hispanics were not associated with the case identification rate of lead poisoning. Conclusions. Massachusetts communities' incidence of lead poisoning is correlated with sociodemographic and housing characteristics. In states similar to Massachusetts and without screening data, this model may help target screening programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)528-534
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume85
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Lead Poisoning
Logistic Models
Incidence
Censuses
Poverty
Hispanic Americans
Population
Iron
Parturition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Sargent, J. D., Brown, M. J., Freeman, J. L., Bailey, A., Goodman, D., & Freeman, D. H. (1995). Childhood lead poisoning in Massachusetts communities: Its association with sociodemographic and housing characteristics. American Journal of Public Health, 85(4), 528-534.

Childhood lead poisoning in Massachusetts communities : Its association with sociodemographic and housing characteristics. / Sargent, J. D.; Brown, M. J.; Freeman, J. L.; Bailey, A.; Goodman, D.; Freeman, D. H.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 85, No. 4, 1995, p. 528-534.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sargent, JD, Brown, MJ, Freeman, JL, Bailey, A, Goodman, D & Freeman, DH 1995, 'Childhood lead poisoning in Massachusetts communities: Its association with sociodemographic and housing characteristics', American Journal of Public Health, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 528-534.
Sargent, J. D. ; Brown, M. J. ; Freeman, J. L. ; Bailey, A. ; Goodman, D. ; Freeman, D. H. / Childhood lead poisoning in Massachusetts communities : Its association with sociodemographic and housing characteristics. In: American Journal of Public Health. 1995 ; Vol. 85, No. 4. pp. 528-534.
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