Although recently, the crime rate has steadily declined in the USA, most violent incidents continue to involve firearms. Nonfatal firearm-related crime had plummeted since 1993, before increasing in 2005 (Fig. 35.1). Moreover, the prevalent gun availability among civilians raised the incidence of assault (57%), self-inflicted (20%), and unintentional (13%) firearm injuries and they culminated in an extremely high prevalence of gunshot injuries in the United States civilian population [10, 27, 66].
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