Classification Terminology in Cerebral Palsy

Katherine B. Bevans, Carole A. Tucker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


Classification systems are intended to reduce the complexity of heterogeneous conditions by grouping people with similar clinical manifestations together. Classifications are intended to improve communication among clinicians, researchers, patients, and caregivers. They may guide clinical diagnosis, prediction of prognoses, goal setting, treatment decisions, and determinations for service eligibility. They are used for population surveillance and for identifying and/or describing research participants. Classification systems categorize people with cerebral palsy (CP) on the basis of type and topography of neuromotor impairment, neuroanatomical disturbances, gait patterns, and functioning. The systems differ in their coverage of body structure, body function, and activity levels as specified in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health framework. This chapter reviews commonly used classification systems for people with CP, including their reliability, validity, and utility for specific uses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCerebral Palsy
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783319745589
ISBN (Print)9783319745572
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Classification
  • Functioning
  • Reliability
  • Topography
  • Type

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine
  • General Health Professions


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