Clathrin mediates endocytosis of progastrin and activates MAPKs: Role of cell surface annexin A2

Shubhashish Sarkar, Carla Kantara, Pomila Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Cellsurface- associated annexin A2 (CS-ANXA2) is a nonconventional "receptor" for progastrin; expression levels of both are elevated in colon cancers, and downregulation of either reduces tumorigenic potential of cells. We recently reported internalization of progastrin in target cells. Here, mechanisms mediating internalization of progastrin were examined. Initially, we confirmed that cell-surface ANXA2 mediates binding and internalization of progastrin in intestinal cells. Progastrin, covalently linked to sepharose beads, failed to activate p38MAPK/ERKs, suggesting internalization of progastrin was required for eliciting biological effects; importantly annexin A2 expression and availability of CS-ANXA2 were required for internalization of progastrin. Clathrin expression and formation of clathrin-coated pits were critically required for endocytotic internalization of progastrin; in the absence of clathrin, progastrin failed to activate p38MAPK/ERKs. Downregulation of caveolin had no effect on binding or internalization of progastrin. We therefore demonstrate for the first time that progastrin binds CS-ANXA2 and is rapidly internalized via clathrin-mediated endocytotic pathway, resulting in activation of MAPKinases. Targeting clathrin-mediated endocytosis of progastrin may thus inhibit previously reported co-carcinogenic/tumorigenic effects of progastrin on intestinal cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G712-G722
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Caveolin
  • Chlorpromazine
  • Clathrin-coated pits
  • IEC-18 intestinal cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)


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