Clinical anatomy as practiced by ancient Egyptians

Marios Loukas, Michael Hanna, Nada Alsaiegh, Mohammadali Mohajel Shoja, R. Shane Tubbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Egypt is famously known for its Nile and pyramids, yet not many people know that Egypt made possible the origin of the anatomical sciences. Several ancient papyri guide us through the Egyptians' exploration of the human body and how they applied anatomical knowledge to clinical medicine to the best of their knowledge. It is through records, such as the Edwin Smith, Ebers, and Kahun papyri and other literature detailing the work of the Egyptian embalmers, physicians, and Greek anatomists, that we are able to take a glimpse into the evolution of the anatomical sciences from 3000 B.C. to 250 B.C. It is through the Egyptian embalmer that we were able to learn of some of the first interactions with human organs and their detailed observation. The Egyptian physician's knowledge, being transcribed into the Ebers and Edwin Smith papyri, enabled future physicians to seek reference to common ailments for diagnosing and treating a variety of conditions ranging from head injuries to procedures, such as trans-sphenoidal surgery. In Alexandria, Herophilus, and Erasistratus made substantial contributions to the anatomical sciences by beginning the practice of human dissection. For instance, Herophilus described the anatomy of the heart valves along with Erasistratus who demonstrated how blood was prevented from flowing retrograde under normal conditions. Hence, from various records, we are able to unravel how Egypt paved the road for study of the anatomical sciences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)409-415
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Anatomy
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Egypt
Anatomy
Physicians
Anatomists
Clinical Medicine
Heart Valves
Craniocerebral Trauma
Human Body
Dissection
Observation

Keywords

  • anatomy
  • ancient Egypt
  • medical papyri

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

Cite this

Loukas, M., Hanna, M., Alsaiegh, N., Mohajel Shoja, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2011). Clinical anatomy as practiced by ancient Egyptians. Clinical Anatomy, 24(4), 409-415. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.21155

Clinical anatomy as practiced by ancient Egyptians. / Loukas, Marios; Hanna, Michael; Alsaiegh, Nada; Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali; Tubbs, R. Shane.

In: Clinical Anatomy, Vol. 24, No. 4, 01.05.2011, p. 409-415.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Loukas, M, Hanna, M, Alsaiegh, N, Mohajel Shoja, M & Tubbs, RS 2011, 'Clinical anatomy as practiced by ancient Egyptians', Clinical Anatomy, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 409-415. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.21155
Loukas M, Hanna M, Alsaiegh N, Mohajel Shoja M, Tubbs RS. Clinical anatomy as practiced by ancient Egyptians. Clinical Anatomy. 2011 May 1;24(4):409-415. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.21155
Loukas, Marios ; Hanna, Michael ; Alsaiegh, Nada ; Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali ; Tubbs, R. Shane. / Clinical anatomy as practiced by ancient Egyptians. In: Clinical Anatomy. 2011 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 409-415.
@article{41c2e3c18c4943928688eb666fb88aa4,
title = "Clinical anatomy as practiced by ancient Egyptians",
abstract = "Egypt is famously known for its Nile and pyramids, yet not many people know that Egypt made possible the origin of the anatomical sciences. Several ancient papyri guide us through the Egyptians' exploration of the human body and how they applied anatomical knowledge to clinical medicine to the best of their knowledge. It is through records, such as the Edwin Smith, Ebers, and Kahun papyri and other literature detailing the work of the Egyptian embalmers, physicians, and Greek anatomists, that we are able to take a glimpse into the evolution of the anatomical sciences from 3000 B.C. to 250 B.C. It is through the Egyptian embalmer that we were able to learn of some of the first interactions with human organs and their detailed observation. The Egyptian physician's knowledge, being transcribed into the Ebers and Edwin Smith papyri, enabled future physicians to seek reference to common ailments for diagnosing and treating a variety of conditions ranging from head injuries to procedures, such as trans-sphenoidal surgery. In Alexandria, Herophilus, and Erasistratus made substantial contributions to the anatomical sciences by beginning the practice of human dissection. For instance, Herophilus described the anatomy of the heart valves along with Erasistratus who demonstrated how blood was prevented from flowing retrograde under normal conditions. Hence, from various records, we are able to unravel how Egypt paved the road for study of the anatomical sciences.",
keywords = "anatomy, ancient Egypt, medical papyri",
author = "Marios Loukas and Michael Hanna and Nada Alsaiegh and {Mohajel Shoja}, Mohammadali and Tubbs, {R. Shane}",
year = "2011",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/ca.21155",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "409--415",
journal = "Clinical Anatomy",
issn = "0897-3806",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Clinical anatomy as practiced by ancient Egyptians

AU - Loukas, Marios

AU - Hanna, Michael

AU - Alsaiegh, Nada

AU - Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali

AU - Tubbs, R. Shane

PY - 2011/5/1

Y1 - 2011/5/1

N2 - Egypt is famously known for its Nile and pyramids, yet not many people know that Egypt made possible the origin of the anatomical sciences. Several ancient papyri guide us through the Egyptians' exploration of the human body and how they applied anatomical knowledge to clinical medicine to the best of their knowledge. It is through records, such as the Edwin Smith, Ebers, and Kahun papyri and other literature detailing the work of the Egyptian embalmers, physicians, and Greek anatomists, that we are able to take a glimpse into the evolution of the anatomical sciences from 3000 B.C. to 250 B.C. It is through the Egyptian embalmer that we were able to learn of some of the first interactions with human organs and their detailed observation. The Egyptian physician's knowledge, being transcribed into the Ebers and Edwin Smith papyri, enabled future physicians to seek reference to common ailments for diagnosing and treating a variety of conditions ranging from head injuries to procedures, such as trans-sphenoidal surgery. In Alexandria, Herophilus, and Erasistratus made substantial contributions to the anatomical sciences by beginning the practice of human dissection. For instance, Herophilus described the anatomy of the heart valves along with Erasistratus who demonstrated how blood was prevented from flowing retrograde under normal conditions. Hence, from various records, we are able to unravel how Egypt paved the road for study of the anatomical sciences.

AB - Egypt is famously known for its Nile and pyramids, yet not many people know that Egypt made possible the origin of the anatomical sciences. Several ancient papyri guide us through the Egyptians' exploration of the human body and how they applied anatomical knowledge to clinical medicine to the best of their knowledge. It is through records, such as the Edwin Smith, Ebers, and Kahun papyri and other literature detailing the work of the Egyptian embalmers, physicians, and Greek anatomists, that we are able to take a glimpse into the evolution of the anatomical sciences from 3000 B.C. to 250 B.C. It is through the Egyptian embalmer that we were able to learn of some of the first interactions with human organs and their detailed observation. The Egyptian physician's knowledge, being transcribed into the Ebers and Edwin Smith papyri, enabled future physicians to seek reference to common ailments for diagnosing and treating a variety of conditions ranging from head injuries to procedures, such as trans-sphenoidal surgery. In Alexandria, Herophilus, and Erasistratus made substantial contributions to the anatomical sciences by beginning the practice of human dissection. For instance, Herophilus described the anatomy of the heart valves along with Erasistratus who demonstrated how blood was prevented from flowing retrograde under normal conditions. Hence, from various records, we are able to unravel how Egypt paved the road for study of the anatomical sciences.

KW - anatomy

KW - ancient Egypt

KW - medical papyri

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79955374467&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79955374467&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ca.21155

DO - 10.1002/ca.21155

M3 - Article

C2 - 21509810

AN - SCOPUS:79955374467

VL - 24

SP - 409

EP - 415

JO - Clinical Anatomy

JF - Clinical Anatomy

SN - 0897-3806

IS - 4

ER -