The performance of the Amplified Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Direct Test (MTD; Gen-Probe, Inc., San Diego, Calif.) for rapid diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis was evaluated by testing 178 nonrespiratory specimens from 158 patients. Criteria for specimen inclusion were (i) a positive smear for acid-fast bacilli (n = 54) and (ii) the source if the smear was negative (tissue biopsies and aspirates and abscess material were tested; n = 124). Results were compared to those of mycobacterial culture; clinical history was reviewed when MTD and culture results disagreed. Forty-eight specimens (27.0%) were positive for mycobacteria, including 23 Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex specimens; of which 21 were smear positive. Twenty-five specimens were MTD positive; 20 of these grew M. tuberculosis complex. All of the five MTD-positive, M. tuberculosis complex culture-negative specimens were considered truly positive, based on review of the medical record. Of the three MTD-negative, M. tuberculosis complex culture-positive specimens, two contained inhibitory substances; one of the two was smear positive. Excluding the latter specimen from analysis, after chart review, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the MTD were 92.6, 100, 100, and 98.7%, respectively, by specimen and 89.5, 100, 100, and 98.6% by patient. Given the few smear-negative samples from patients with extrapulmonary tuberculosis in our study, additional similar studies that include more smear-negative, M. tuberculosis complex culture-positive specimens to confirm our data are desirable.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)