Clinical outcomes and cost analysis of a "fast track" postoperative care pathway for ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. A case control study

Yehuda Kariv, Conor P. Delaney, Anthony J. Senagore, Elena A. Manilich, Jeffrey P. Hammel, James M. Church, Jeffrey Ravas, Victor W. Fazio

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    82 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    PURPOSE: Traditional length of hospital stay after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is 8 to 15 days. Fast track rehabilitation programs reduce stay, but there are concerns that readmission and complication rates may be increased. This study evaluated a fast track pathway after ileoanal pouch surgery. METHODS: One hundred three consecutive patients underwent ileal pouch-anal anastomosis on two colorectal services using a fast track protocol with early ambulation, diet, and defined discharge criteria. Direct hospital costs and 30-day and long-term complication data were collected. Patients were matched to controls managed with traditional care pathways by other colorectal staff. RESULTS: Matching was established for 97 patients. Fast track patients had shorter hospital stay than controls (median 4 vs. 5 days; mean 5.0 vs. 5.9, P = 0.012). Readmission and recurrent operation rates were similar (24 vs. 20 percent, P = 0.49, and 9 vs. 10 percent, P = 0.8, fast track vs. control, respectively). Median direct costs per patient (US$) within 30 days were lower with fast track (5692 vs. 6672, P = 0.001), primarily because of reductions in postoperative management expenses. Complication rates, including pouch failure, bowel obstruction, pouchitis, and anastomotic stricture were comparable. Early discharge (≤5 days from surgery) occurred in 79 (77 percent) fast track patients. Failure with early discharge was associated with male gender, reoperations, and anastomotic complications. CONCLUSIONS: Fast track protocol after ileoanal pouch surgery reduces length of stay and hospital costs without increasing complication rates. Successful early discharge usually signals a benign postoperative course.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)137-146
    Number of pages10
    JournalDiseases of the Colon and Rectum
    Volume50
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2007

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    Keywords

    • Cost of care
    • Fast track
    • Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis
    • Length of stay
    • Postoperative care

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Gastroenterology

    Cite this

    Kariv, Y., Delaney, C. P., Senagore, A. J., Manilich, E. A., Hammel, J. P., Church, J. M., Ravas, J., & Fazio, V. W. (2007). Clinical outcomes and cost analysis of a "fast track" postoperative care pathway for ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. A case control study. Diseases of the Colon and Rectum, 50(2), 137-146. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-006-0760-6