Co-purification of Mac-2 binding protein with galectin-3 and association with prostasomes in human semen

Ashley S. Block, Sarika Saraswati, Cheryl F. Lichti, Maha Mahadevan, Alan B. Diekman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND. Prostasomes are exosome-like vesicles that are secreted by the prostate and incorporated into semen during ejaculation. Human prostasomes are proposed to function in regulation of sperm function, immunosuppression, and prostate cancer progression. Previously, we identified galectin-3 on the surface of prostasomes. Galectin-3 is a β-galactoside binding protein involved in immunomodulation, cell interactions, and cancer progression, including prostate cancer. Functional characterization of galectin-3 in a given biological environment includes identification of its target glycoprotein ligands. METHODS. Candidate galectin-3 ligands in prostasomes were identified by tandem mass spectrometry of proteins that co-purified with galectin-3 during lactose affinity chromatography. Immunochemical and biochemical methods were used to investigate the association of Mac-2 binding protein (M2BP) with prostasomes. RESULTS. Proteins identified by tandem mass spectrometry included M2BP, CD26/dipeptidyl peptidase IV, prolactin-inducible protein (PIP), olfactomedin-4 (OLFM4), and semenogelins I and II (SgI and SgII). M2BP is a known galectin-3 ligand that was not previously described in prostasomes. M2BP protein bands were detected in the testis, epididymis, vas deferens, prostate, seminal vesicle, and sperm extracts. In seminal plasma, M2BP was identified in the soluble fraction and in purified prostasomes. Surface biotinylation and immunofluorescence studies indicated that M2BP is present on the prostasome surface and on sperm, respectively. CONCLUSIONS. M2BP, CD26, PIP, OLFM4, and SgI and SgII are candidate glycoprotein ligands for galectin-3 in prostasomes. Given their overlap in functional significance with prostasomes and galectin-3, the identification of these glycoproteins as galectin-3 ligands in prostasomes lays the groundwork for future studies of prostasomes in reproduction and prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-721
Number of pages11
Issue number7
StatePublished - May 15 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • 90K tumor-associated antigen
  • Galectin-3 binding protein
  • Lectin
  • Seminal plasma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology


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