Cognition and return to work after mild/moderate traumatic brain injury: A systematic review

Karthik Mani, Bryan Cater, Akshay Hudlikar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Approximately two percent of the United States population are traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors. The unemployment rate among them is substantial. Cognitive skills are essential to perform any job. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the literature on cognitive rehabilitation (CR) related to mild/moderate TBI to learn the influence of cognition on return to work (RTW) post TBI. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the studies on CR related to RTW post TBI that were published between 2000 and 2015. RESULTS: We critically reviewed 30 studies that met the inclusion criteria. Ten studies highlighted cognition as a predictor variable, seven studies demonstrated support for cognitive testing in RTW assessments, and 13 studies showed the efficacy of CR in facilitating RTW post TBI. CONCLUSION: Cognition plays a significant role in predicting and facilitating RTW in patients with TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-62
Number of pages12
JournalWork
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cognitive rehabilitation
  • evidence-based review
  • vocational outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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