Colonización por enterococo resistente a vancomicina en pacientes internados de un hospital de Lima, Perú

Translated title of the contribution: Colonization by enterococcal strains resistant to vancomycin in patients from a hospital in Lima, Peru

Alisson Estrada-Román, Rafael Mendo-López, Lizeth Astocondor, Marcus Zervos, Coralith García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This cross-sectional study was conducted from November to December of 2013 at the Cayetano Heredia National Hospital in Lima, Peru, to determine the rate of infection with vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE), the resistance genotype, and associated factors. The rate of infection with VRE was 6.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.67–10.73) and the resistance genotype isolated from all strains was the vanA gene. The factors associated with colonization with VRE were previous hospitalizations (p = 0.001) and the use of third-generation cephalosporins (p = 0.016). In conclusion, perianal colonization with VRE is present in many hospital services. Moreover, the vanA gene may cause resistance to vancomycin and promote the development of vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Therefore, infection control measures should be adopted to prevent the dissemination of this bacterial strain in hospital settings.

Translated title of the contributionColonization by enterococcal strains resistant to vancomycin in patients from a hospital in Lima, Peru
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)666-671
Number of pages6
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Enterococcus
  • Inpatient
  • Vancomycin resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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