Colonización por enterococo resistente a vancomicina en pacientes internados de un hospital de Lima, Perú

Translated title of the contribution: Colonization by enterococcal strains resistant to vancomycin in patients from a hospital in Lima, Peru

Alisson Estrada-Román, Rafael Mendo-López, Lizeth Astocondor, Marcus Zervos, Coralith García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This cross-sectional study was conducted from November to December of 2013 at the Cayetano Heredia National Hospital in Lima, Peru, to determine the rate of infection with vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE), the resistance genotype, and associated factors. The rate of infection with VRE was 6.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.67–10.73) and the resistance genotype isolated from all strains was the vanA gene. The factors associated with colonization with VRE were previous hospitalizations (p = 0.001) and the use of third-generation cephalosporins (p = 0.016). In conclusion, perianal colonization with VRE is present in many hospital services. Moreover, the vanA gene may cause resistance to vancomycin and promote the development of vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Therefore, infection control measures should be adopted to prevent the dissemination of this bacterial strain in hospital settings.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)666-671
Number of pages6
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Peru
Vancomycin
Genotype
Vancomycin Resistance
Cephalosporins
Infection Control
Infection
Genes
Staphylococcus aureus
Hospitalization
Cross-Sectional Studies
Confidence Intervals
Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci

Keywords

  • Enterococcus
  • Inpatient
  • Vancomycin resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Colonización por enterococo resistente a vancomicina en pacientes internados de un hospital de Lima, Perú. / Estrada-Román, Alisson; Mendo-López, Rafael; Astocondor, Lizeth; Zervos, Marcus; García, Coralith.

In: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica, Vol. 34, No. 4, 01.10.2017, p. 666-671.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Estrada-Román, Alisson ; Mendo-López, Rafael ; Astocondor, Lizeth ; Zervos, Marcus ; García, Coralith. / Colonización por enterococo resistente a vancomicina en pacientes internados de un hospital de Lima, Perú. In: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica. 2017 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 666-671.
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