Colonización por enterococo resistente a vancomicina en pacientes internados de un hospital de Lima, Perú

Translated title of the contribution: Colonization by enterococcal strains resistant to vancomycin in patients from a hospital in Lima, Peru

Alisson Estrada-Román, Rafael Mendo-López, Lizeth Astocondor, Marcus Zervos, Coralith García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This cross-sectional study was conducted from November to December of 2013 at the Cayetano Heredia National Hospital in Lima, Peru, to determine the rate of infection with vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE), the resistance genotype, and associated factors. The rate of infection with VRE was 6.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.67–10.73) and the resistance genotype isolated from all strains was the vanA gene. The factors associated with colonization with VRE were previous hospitalizations (p = 0.001) and the use of third-generation cephalosporins (p = 0.016). In conclusion, perianal colonization with VRE is present in many hospital services. Moreover, the vanA gene may cause resistance to vancomycin and promote the development of vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Therefore, infection control measures should be adopted to prevent the dissemination of this bacterial strain in hospital settings.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)666-671
Number of pages6
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Enterococcus
  • Inpatient
  • Vancomycin resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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