Background and objective: Color M-mode flow propagation velocity (Vp) was shown to be a preload-independent measure of diastolic function. To study the effects of an increase in afterload induced by isometric handgrip exercise on diastolic function assessment in patients with cardiomyopathy, we measured Vp and conventional Doppler indices at baseline and at 30% of predetermined maximum handgrip strength. Methods: Twenty-four patients with systolic dysfunction were divided into two groups: Group I comprising 12 patients with EIA < 1 (early filling velocity/atrial contraction velocity) and Group II comprising 12 patients with E/A > 1. All the patients underwent measurement of Vp, E velocity, its deceleration time (DT), A velocity, isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT), and pulmonary atrial flow reversal velocity (PFR) at baseline and at 30% of predetermined maximum handgrip strength. Twelve healthy controls underwent these same measurements. Results: When comparing baseline to peak echocardiographic data, no significant changes were noted in Vp in any of the groups while a shift of pulsed Doppler indices of Group I toward a pattern closer to that of Group II was noted and a decrease in E velocity and E/A ratio with an increase in IVRT occurred in healthy controls. Conclusions: Color M-mode flow propagation velocity seems to be an afterload-independent measure of diastolic function in patients with moderate to severe cardiomyopathy while pulsed Doppler indices are more sensitive to loading conditions induced by isometric exercise.
- Color M-mode
- Diastolic dysfunction
- Isometric exercise
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine