Combined bisalbuminemia and Bisalbuminuria: A rare finding on serum and urine electrophoresis

Heba Badr, Paul E. Young, Jianli Dong, Anthony O. Okorodudu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Bisalbuminemia and bisalbuminuria are rarely encountered serum and urine albumin anomalies characterized by the presence of a bifid albumin band on serum/urine protein electrophoresis (SPE/UPE) and serum/urine immunofixation electrophoresis (SIFE/UIFE). They are usually detected incidentally while screening for monoclonal gammopathy with a cumulative frequency of 1:1,000–––1:10,000. Case report: We report two cases of bisalbuminemia in two adult male diabetic patients. The first patient had a history of rheumatoid arthritis and strong clinical suspicion for Sjogren syndrome. The SPEP/UPEP and SIFE/UIFE in this patient showed combined bisalbuminemia and bisalbuminuria. While the second patient had chronic kidney disease due to nephrotic syndrome but showed bisalbuminemia alone. Conclusion: Bisalbuminemia and bisalbuminuria are rare findings with few case reports available in the English literature. These findings may occur secondary to inherited albumin variants or may be acquired. Diabetes mellitus is the medical condition most associated with acquired bisalbuminemia and bisalbuminuria. Although most cases of bisalbuminemia and bisalbuminuria are clinically insignificant, some albumin variants may have altered affinity for steroid hormones (e.g., thyroxine) and/or drugs which potentially could be clinically significant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117635
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Albumin Variant
  • Bisalbuminemia
  • Bisalbuminuria
  • Protein Electrophoresis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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