Combined Transthoracic and Transtracheal Closure of Large Bronchopleural Fistulae

Eric Walser, Guillermo Gomez, Joseph B. Zwischenberger, Orhan Ozkan, Jason Pulnik, Chris Gouner, Sina Meisamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Postoperative central bronchopleural fistulae (BPF) are difficult to close using percutaneous or endoscopic techniques. We devised an alternative method to treat BPF using a combined transthoracic and transtracheal approach with the use of a multifilamented polypropylene (Prolene) mesh patch. Methods: Two patients with large, central BPF after thoracic surgery and lobar resection had minimally invasive BPF closure using a transtracheal approach with catheterization of the fistula and thoracoscopically guided Prolene mesh placement over the bronchial stump defect. This technique was adopted after conservative management and multiple endobronchial interventions had failed in both patients. Results: One patient had closure of his BPF within one week and remains symptom-free one year after chest tube removal. The other patient had a BPF and chest tube for two years prior to our procedure. His BPF initially closed, but recannalized 2 weeks later. He subsequently had two thoracotomies and continues to suffer a BPF which remains externalized to his chest wall. Conclusions: Post-thoracotomy central BPF that is resistant to nonsurgical treatments can be closed with a combined thoracoscopic and transtracheal placement of a polypropylene patch. The success of this repair seems to depend on early intervention and aggressive sterilization of the pleural space.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-101
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Part A
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2004

Fingerprint

Fistula
Polypropylenes
Chest Tubes
Thoracotomy
Thoracic Wall
Catheterization
Thoracic Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Combined Transthoracic and Transtracheal Closure of Large Bronchopleural Fistulae. / Walser, Eric; Gomez, Guillermo; Zwischenberger, Joseph B.; Ozkan, Orhan; Pulnik, Jason; Gouner, Chris; Meisamy, Sina.

In: Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Part A, Vol. 14, No. 2, 04.2004, p. 97-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walser, Eric ; Gomez, Guillermo ; Zwischenberger, Joseph B. ; Ozkan, Orhan ; Pulnik, Jason ; Gouner, Chris ; Meisamy, Sina. / Combined Transthoracic and Transtracheal Closure of Large Bronchopleural Fistulae. In: Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Part A. 2004 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 97-101.
@article{da2050748bac4cf2b9077046c8f4c151,
title = "Combined Transthoracic and Transtracheal Closure of Large Bronchopleural Fistulae",
abstract = "Purpose: Postoperative central bronchopleural fistulae (BPF) are difficult to close using percutaneous or endoscopic techniques. We devised an alternative method to treat BPF using a combined transthoracic and transtracheal approach with the use of a multifilamented polypropylene (Prolene) mesh patch. Methods: Two patients with large, central BPF after thoracic surgery and lobar resection had minimally invasive BPF closure using a transtracheal approach with catheterization of the fistula and thoracoscopically guided Prolene mesh placement over the bronchial stump defect. This technique was adopted after conservative management and multiple endobronchial interventions had failed in both patients. Results: One patient had closure of his BPF within one week and remains symptom-free one year after chest tube removal. The other patient had a BPF and chest tube for two years prior to our procedure. His BPF initially closed, but recannalized 2 weeks later. He subsequently had two thoracotomies and continues to suffer a BPF which remains externalized to his chest wall. Conclusions: Post-thoracotomy central BPF that is resistant to nonsurgical treatments can be closed with a combined thoracoscopic and transtracheal placement of a polypropylene patch. The success of this repair seems to depend on early intervention and aggressive sterilization of the pleural space.",
author = "Eric Walser and Guillermo Gomez and Zwischenberger, {Joseph B.} and Orhan Ozkan and Jason Pulnik and Chris Gouner and Sina Meisamy",
year = "2004",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1089/109264204322973871",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "97--101",
journal = "Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques",
issn = "1092-6429",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Combined Transthoracic and Transtracheal Closure of Large Bronchopleural Fistulae

AU - Walser, Eric

AU - Gomez, Guillermo

AU - Zwischenberger, Joseph B.

AU - Ozkan, Orhan

AU - Pulnik, Jason

AU - Gouner, Chris

AU - Meisamy, Sina

PY - 2004/4

Y1 - 2004/4

N2 - Purpose: Postoperative central bronchopleural fistulae (BPF) are difficult to close using percutaneous or endoscopic techniques. We devised an alternative method to treat BPF using a combined transthoracic and transtracheal approach with the use of a multifilamented polypropylene (Prolene) mesh patch. Methods: Two patients with large, central BPF after thoracic surgery and lobar resection had minimally invasive BPF closure using a transtracheal approach with catheterization of the fistula and thoracoscopically guided Prolene mesh placement over the bronchial stump defect. This technique was adopted after conservative management and multiple endobronchial interventions had failed in both patients. Results: One patient had closure of his BPF within one week and remains symptom-free one year after chest tube removal. The other patient had a BPF and chest tube for two years prior to our procedure. His BPF initially closed, but recannalized 2 weeks later. He subsequently had two thoracotomies and continues to suffer a BPF which remains externalized to his chest wall. Conclusions: Post-thoracotomy central BPF that is resistant to nonsurgical treatments can be closed with a combined thoracoscopic and transtracheal placement of a polypropylene patch. The success of this repair seems to depend on early intervention and aggressive sterilization of the pleural space.

AB - Purpose: Postoperative central bronchopleural fistulae (BPF) are difficult to close using percutaneous or endoscopic techniques. We devised an alternative method to treat BPF using a combined transthoracic and transtracheal approach with the use of a multifilamented polypropylene (Prolene) mesh patch. Methods: Two patients with large, central BPF after thoracic surgery and lobar resection had minimally invasive BPF closure using a transtracheal approach with catheterization of the fistula and thoracoscopically guided Prolene mesh placement over the bronchial stump defect. This technique was adopted after conservative management and multiple endobronchial interventions had failed in both patients. Results: One patient had closure of his BPF within one week and remains symptom-free one year after chest tube removal. The other patient had a BPF and chest tube for two years prior to our procedure. His BPF initially closed, but recannalized 2 weeks later. He subsequently had two thoracotomies and continues to suffer a BPF which remains externalized to his chest wall. Conclusions: Post-thoracotomy central BPF that is resistant to nonsurgical treatments can be closed with a combined thoracoscopic and transtracheal placement of a polypropylene patch. The success of this repair seems to depend on early intervention and aggressive sterilization of the pleural space.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1642377582&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=1642377582&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1089/109264204322973871

DO - 10.1089/109264204322973871

M3 - Article

C2 - 15107219

AN - SCOPUS:1642377582

VL - 14

SP - 97

EP - 101

JO - Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques

JF - Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques

SN - 1092-6429

IS - 2

ER -