Common and critical components among community health assessment and community health improvement planning models

Cara L. Pennel, James N. Burdine, John D. Prochaska, Kenneth R. McLeroy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Community health assessment and community health improvement planning are continuous, systematic processes for assessing and addressing health needs in a community. Since there are different models to guide assessment and planning, as well as a variety of organizations and agencies that carry out these activities, there may be confusion in choosing among approaches. By examining the various components of the different assessment and planning models, we are able to identify areas for coordination, ways to maximize collaboration, and strategies to further improve community health. We identified 11 common assessment and planning components across 18 models and requirements, with a particular focus on health department, health system, and hospital models and requirements. These common components included preplanning; developing partnerships; developing vision and scope; collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data; identifying community assets; identifying priorities; developing and implementing an intervention plan; developing and implementing an evaluation plan; communicating and receiving feedback on the assessment findings and/or the plan; planning for sustainability; and celebrating success. Within several of these components, we discuss characteristics that are critical to improving community health. Practice implications include better understanding of different models and requirements by health departments, hospitals, and others involved in assessment and planning to improve cross-sector collaboration, collective impact, and community health. In addition, federal and state policy and accreditation requirements may be revised or implemented to better facilitate assessment and planning collaboration between health departments, hospitals, and others for the purpose of improving community health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S14-S21
JournalJournal of Public Health Management and Practice
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • community health assessment
  • community health improvement planning
  • community health needs assessment
  • health departments
  • implementation strategies
  • nonprofit hospitals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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