The effects of high-dose indomethacin (three daily doses, 8.5 mg/kg ip) on pathology and histology, on serum and urine biochemistry, and on various hepatic enzyme activities were studied in rats. Hepatic cytochrome P-450 and aminopyrine N-demethylase were decreased by 52-62%, but glucuronyl transferase fell by only 22%. Hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase, aryl esterase, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase and sulphotransferase remained unchanged, while glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase increased by 29%. There were no widespread changes in hepatic and renal pathology or histology, but noteworthy was a mild, focal, centrilobular hepatitic response. By contrast, there were severe intestinal lesions: the effects on hepatic enzymes might have been partly a consequence of the intestinal damage. There was a reversible uraemia and significant decreases (20-40% below normal) in both serum albumin and protein, while serum levels of creatinine and aspartate-amino-transferase activity remained constant. A reversible N-acetyl-β-D-glucoseaminidase (NAG) enzymuria occurred (300% above normal), but no significant proteinuria (< 300 mg/l). Administration of 16,16-dimethylprostaglandion F(2α) (0.5 mg/kg iv) concomitantly with the indomethacin greatly ameliorated the intestinal lesions and prevented the decreases in hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes. Concomitant 16,16-dimethylprostaglandin F(2α) did not, however, influence the indomethacin-induced decreases in serum protein, albumin or NAG-enzymuria. It was concluded that indomethacin had a highly selective effect causing a decrease in hepatic cytochrome P-450, which was not accompanied by severe damage to hepatocyte structure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||British Journal of Experimental Pathology|
|State||Published - 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine