Comparative study of regenerative effects of mesenchymal stem cells derived from placental amnion, chorion and umbilical cord on dermal wounds

Juliane Ertl, Melanie Pichlsberger, Alexandru Cristian Tuca, Paul Wurzer, Jakob Fuchs, Stefan H. Geyer, Barbara Maurer-Gesek, Wolfgang J. Weninger, Dagmar Pfeiffer, Vladimir Bubalo, Daryousch Parvizi, Lars Peter Kamolz, Ingrid Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells derived from human term placentas (PMSCs) are novel therapeutic agents and more topical than ever. Here we evaluated the effects of three types of PMSCs on wound healing in an in vivo mouse model: Amnion-derived MSCs (AMSCs), blood vessel-derived MSCs (BV-MSCs) from the chorionic plate and Wharton's jelly-derived MSCs (WJ-MSCs) from the umbilical cord. Methods: We topically applied PMSCs onto skin wounds in mice using the dermal substitute Matriderm® as carrier and evaluated wound healing parameters. In addition, we investigated the effects of all PMSC types under co-application with placental endothelial cells (PLECs). After 8 days, we compared the percent of wound closure and the angiogenic potential between all groups. Results: AMSCs, BV-MSCs and WJ-MSCs significantly induced a faster healing and a higher number of blood vessels in the wound when compared to controls (Matriderm®-alone). PLECs did not further improve the advantageous effects of PMSC-treatment. Quantitative data and 3D analysis by high resolution episcopic microscopy confirmed a lower density of vessels in Matriderm®/PMSCs/PLECs co-application compared to Matriderm®/PMSCs treatment. Conclusion: Results indicate that all three PMSC types exert similar beneficial effects on wound closure and neovascularization in our mouse model. Practice: Using Matriderm® as carrier for PMSCs propagates rapid cell migration towards the wound area that allows a fast and clinically practicable method for stem cell application. Implications: These promising effects warrant further investigation in clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
JournalPlacenta
Volume65
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amnion
  • Angiogenesis
  • Blood vessels
  • Human placenta
  • Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Mouse model
  • Umbilical cord
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology

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  • Cite this

    Ertl, J., Pichlsberger, M., Tuca, A. C., Wurzer, P., Fuchs, J., Geyer, S. H., Maurer-Gesek, B., Weninger, W. J., Pfeiffer, D., Bubalo, V., Parvizi, D., Kamolz, L. P., & Lang, I. (2018). Comparative study of regenerative effects of mesenchymal stem cells derived from placental amnion, chorion and umbilical cord on dermal wounds. Placenta, 65, 37-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.placenta.2018.04.004