Comparing the Workload Perceptions of Identifying Patient Condition and Priorities of Care among Burn Providers in Three Burn ICUs

Ian McInnis, Sarah J. Murray, Maria Serio-Melvin, James K. Aden, Elizabeth Mann-Salinas, Kevin K. Chung, Todd Huzar, Steven Wolf, Christopher Nemeth, Jeremy C. Pamplin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Multidisciplinary rounds (MDRs) in the burn intensive care unit serve as an efficient means for clinicians to assess patient status and establish patient care priorities. Both tasks require significant cognitive work, the magnitude of which is relevant because increased cognitive work of task completion has been associated with increased error rates. We sought to quantify this workload during MDR using the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index (NASA-TLX). Research staff at three academic regional referral burn centers administered the NASA-TLX to clinicians during MDR. Clinicians assessed their workload associated with 1) "Identify(ing) if the patient is better, same, or worse than yesterday" and 2) "Identify(ing) the most important objectives of care for the patient today." Data were collected on clinician type, years of experience, and hours of direct patient care. Surveys were administered to 116 total clinicians, 41 physicians, 25 nurses, 13 medical students, and 37 clinicians in other roles. Clinicians with less experience reported more cognitive work when completing both tasks (P <.005). Clinicians in the "others" group (respiratory therapists, dieticians, pharmacists, etc.) reported less cognitive work than all other groups for both tasks (P <.05). The NASA-TLX was an effective tool for collecting perceptions of cognitive workload associated with MDR. Perceived cognitive work varied by clinician type and experience level when completing two key tasks. Less experience was associated with increased perceived work, potentially increasing mental error rates, and increasing risk to patients. Creating tools or work processes to reduce cognitive work may improve clinician performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e318-e327
JournalJournal of Burn Care and Research
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Workload
United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Patient Care
Burn Units
Nutritionists
Medical Students
Pharmacists
Intensive Care Units
Referral and Consultation
Nurses
Physicians
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

McInnis, I., Murray, S. J., Serio-Melvin, M., Aden, J. K., Mann-Salinas, E., Chung, K. K., ... Pamplin, J. C. (2017). Comparing the Workload Perceptions of Identifying Patient Condition and Priorities of Care among Burn Providers in Three Burn ICUs. Journal of Burn Care and Research, 38(1), e318-e327. https://doi.org/10.1097/BCR.0000000000000378

Comparing the Workload Perceptions of Identifying Patient Condition and Priorities of Care among Burn Providers in Three Burn ICUs. / McInnis, Ian; Murray, Sarah J.; Serio-Melvin, Maria; Aden, James K.; Mann-Salinas, Elizabeth; Chung, Kevin K.; Huzar, Todd; Wolf, Steven; Nemeth, Christopher; Pamplin, Jeremy C.

In: Journal of Burn Care and Research, Vol. 38, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. e318-e327.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McInnis, I, Murray, SJ, Serio-Melvin, M, Aden, JK, Mann-Salinas, E, Chung, KK, Huzar, T, Wolf, S, Nemeth, C & Pamplin, JC 2017, 'Comparing the Workload Perceptions of Identifying Patient Condition and Priorities of Care among Burn Providers in Three Burn ICUs', Journal of Burn Care and Research, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. e318-e327. https://doi.org/10.1097/BCR.0000000000000378
McInnis, Ian ; Murray, Sarah J. ; Serio-Melvin, Maria ; Aden, James K. ; Mann-Salinas, Elizabeth ; Chung, Kevin K. ; Huzar, Todd ; Wolf, Steven ; Nemeth, Christopher ; Pamplin, Jeremy C. / Comparing the Workload Perceptions of Identifying Patient Condition and Priorities of Care among Burn Providers in Three Burn ICUs. In: Journal of Burn Care and Research. 2017 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. e318-e327.
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