Comparison of Aptamer-Based and Antibody-Based Assays for Protein Quantification in Chronic Kidney Disease

Carolina Lopez-Silva, Aditya Surapaneni, Josef Coresh, Jochen Reiser, Chirag R. Parikh, Wassim Obeid, Morgan E. Grams, Teresa K. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives Novel aptamer-based technologies can identify >7000 analytes per sample, offering a high-throughput alternative to traditional immunoassays in biomarker discovery. However, the specificity for distinct proteins has not been thoroughly studied in the context of CKD. Design, setting, participants, & measurements We assessed the use of SOMAscan, an aptamer-based technology, for the quantification of eight immune activation biomarkers and cystatin C among 498 African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) participants using immunoassays as the gold standard. We evaluated correlations of serum proteins as measured by SOMAscan versus immunoassays with each other and with iothalamate-measured GFR. We then compared associations between proteins measurement with risks of incident kidney failure and all-cause mortality. Results Six biomarkers (IL-8, soluble TNF receptor superfamily member 1B [TNFRSF1B], cystatin C, soluble TNF receptor superfamily member 1A [TNFRSF1A], IL-6, and soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor [suPAR]) had non-negligible correlations (r=0.94, 0.93, 0.89, 0.85, 0.46, and 0.23, respectively) between SOMAscan and immunoassay measurements, and three (IL-10, IFN-γ, and TNF-α) were uncorrelated (r=0.08, 0.07, and 0.02, respectively). Of the six biomarkers with non-negligible correlations, TNFRSF1B, cystatin C, TNFRSF1A, and suPAR were negatively correlated with measured GFR and associated with higher risk of kidney failure. IL-8, TNFRSF1B, cystatin C, TNFRSF1A, and suPAR were associated with a higher risk of mortality via both methods. On average, immunoassay measurements were more strongly associated with adverse outcomes than their SOMAscan counterparts. Conclusions SOMAscan is an efficient and relatively reliable technique for quantifying IL-8, TNFRSF1B, cystatin C, and TNFRSF1A in CKD and detecting their potential associations with clinical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)350-360
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of Aptamer-Based and Antibody-Based Assays for Protein Quantification in Chronic Kidney Disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this