Comparison of outcomes and the use of multimodality therapy in young and elderly people undergoing surgical resection of pancreatic cancer

Andrew S. Barbas, Ryan S. Turley, Eugene P. Ceppa, Srinevas K. Reddy, Dan G. Blazer, Bryan M. Clary, Theodore N. Pappas, Douglas S. Tyler, Rebekah R. White, Sandhya A. Lagoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives To compare outcomes and the use of multimodality therapy in young and elderly people with pancreatic cancer undergoing surgical resection. Design Retrospective, single-institution study. Setting National Cancer Institute/National Comprehensive Cancer Network cancer center. Participants Two hundred three individuals who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma at Duke University Medical Center comprised the study population. Participants were divided into three groups based on age (<65, n = 97; 65-74, n = 74; ≥75, N = 32). Measurements Perioperative outcomes, the use of multimodality therapy, and overall survival of the different age groups were compared. Results Similar rates of perioperative mortality and morbidity were observed in all age groups, but elderly adults were more likely to be discharged to a rehabilitation or skilled nursing facility. A similar proportion of participants received neoadjuvant therapy, but a smaller proportion of elderly participants received adjuvant therapy. Overall survival was similar between the age groups. Predictors of poorer overall survival included coronary artery disease, positive resection margin, and less-differentiated tumor histology. Treatment with neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy were predictors of better overall survival. Conclusion Carefully selected elderly individuals experience similar perioperative outcomes and overall survival to those of younger individuals after resection of pancreatic cancer. There appears to be a significant disparity in the use of adjuvant therapy between young and elderly individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-350
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adjuvant therapy
  • elderly
  • neoadjuvant therapy
  • pancreatic cancer
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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