Comparison of prevalence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and hostility in elderly patients with heart failure, myocardial infarction, and a coronary artery bypass graft

Debra K. Moser, Kathleen Dracup, Lorraine Evangelista, Cheryl Hoyt Zambroski, Terry A. Lennie, Misook L. Chung, Lynn V. Doering, Cheryl Westlake, Seongkum Heo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study sought to compare the prevalence of anxiety, depression, and hostility among 3 clinically diverse elderly cardiac patient cohorts and a reference group of healthy elders. Methods: This was a multicenter, comparative study. A total of 1167 individuals participated: 260 healthy elders, and 907 elderly cardiac patients who were at least 3 months past a hospitalization (478 heart-failure patients, 298 postmyocardial infarction patients, and 131 postcoronary artery bypass graft patients). Symptoms of anxiety, depression, and hostility were measured using the Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist. Results: The prevalence of anxiety, depression, and hostility was higher in patients in each of the cardiac patient groups than in the group of healthy elders. Almost three quarters of patients with heart failure reported experiencing symptoms of depression, and the heart-failure group manifested the greatest percentage of patients with depressive symptoms. Conclusions: The high levels of emotional distress common in cardiac patients are not a function of aging, because healthy elders exhibit low levels of anxiety, depression, and hostility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)378-385
Number of pages8
JournalHeart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Hostility
Coronary Artery Bypass
Anxiety
Heart Failure
Myocardial Infarction
Depression
Transplants
Checklist
Infarction
Multicenter Studies
Hospitalization
Arteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Comparison of prevalence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and hostility in elderly patients with heart failure, myocardial infarction, and a coronary artery bypass graft. / Moser, Debra K.; Dracup, Kathleen; Evangelista, Lorraine; Zambroski, Cheryl Hoyt; Lennie, Terry A.; Chung, Misook L.; Doering, Lynn V.; Westlake, Cheryl; Heo, Seongkum.

In: Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care, Vol. 39, No. 5, 01.09.2010, p. 378-385.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moser, Debra K. ; Dracup, Kathleen ; Evangelista, Lorraine ; Zambroski, Cheryl Hoyt ; Lennie, Terry A. ; Chung, Misook L. ; Doering, Lynn V. ; Westlake, Cheryl ; Heo, Seongkum. / Comparison of prevalence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and hostility in elderly patients with heart failure, myocardial infarction, and a coronary artery bypass graft. In: Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care. 2010 ; Vol. 39, No. 5. pp. 378-385.
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