Comparison of steroid-releasing stents vs nonabsorbable packing as middle meatal spacers

Jordan W. Rawl, Robert A. McQuitty, Mashfee H. Khan, Lara K. Reichert, Yong Fang Kuo, Mohamad R. Chaaban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A randomized controlled trial was held to compare nonabsorbable packs to steroid-eluting absorbable stents as middle meatal spacers after endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Methods: CRS patients were randomly assigned to receive either nonabsorbable Merocel packs wrapped in non-latex glove material (packing type A) or Propel steroid eluting stents (packing type B). Twenty-two–item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) scores were collected preoperatively and postoperatively during the initial 4 debridements up to 3 months. Recording of the nasal endoscopy was also collected during all postoperative visits. In addition, Lund-Kennedy scores and middle turbinate lateralization scores, using a new visual analogue scale, were compared between the 2 types of packing. Results: Forty CRS patients were prospectively enrolled in this institutional review board (IRB)-approved study. Patients with packing type A had significantly lower middle turbinate lateralization scores at their first (∼10 days) postoperative visit (p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, for left and right sides, respectively). This difference disappeared by later postoperative visits (from 20 days to 3 months). Overall, patients receiving packing type A had significant lower SNOT-22 scores at 20 days postsurgery (p = 0.05). This difference also disappeared at 1 and 3 months postoperation. There were no statistically significant differences in Lund-Kennedy scores. Conclusion: In this study, nonabsorbable packing materials showed significant superior middle meatal spacing capacities as evidenced by greater middle turbinate medialization capability at the first postoperative visit. Additionally, patients with this type of packing saw improvements in their SNOT-22 scores at the 20-day postoperative visit. This study showed that there was no significant improvement in postoperative outcomes with drug-eluting stents when compared to nonabsorbable packing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-333
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • absorbable packing
  • endoscopic sinus surgery
  • middle meatal spacers
  • middle turbinate lateralization
  • nonabsorbable packing
  • steroid eluting stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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