Comparison of steroid-releasing stents vs nonabsorbable packing as middle meatal spacers

Jordan W. Rawl, Robert A. McQuitty, Mashfee H. Khan, Lara K. Reichert, Yong Fang Kuo, Mohamad R. Chaaban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: A randomized controlled trial was held to compare nonabsorbable packs to steroid-eluting absorbable stents as middle meatal spacers after endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Methods: CRS patients were randomly assigned to receive either nonabsorbable Merocel packs wrapped in non-latex glove material (packing type A) or Propel steroid eluting stents (packing type B). Twenty-two–item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) scores were collected preoperatively and postoperatively during the initial 4 debridements up to 3 months. Recording of the nasal endoscopy was also collected during all postoperative visits. In addition, Lund-Kennedy scores and middle turbinate lateralization scores, using a new visual analogue scale, were compared between the 2 types of packing. Results: Forty CRS patients were prospectively enrolled in this institutional review board (IRB)-approved study. Patients with packing type A had significantly lower middle turbinate lateralization scores at their first (∼10 days) postoperative visit (p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, for left and right sides, respectively). This difference disappeared by later postoperative visits (from 20 days to 3 months). Overall, patients receiving packing type A had significant lower SNOT-22 scores at 20 days postsurgery (p = 0.05). This difference also disappeared at 1 and 3 months postoperation. There were no statistically significant differences in Lund-Kennedy scores. Conclusion: In this study, nonabsorbable packing materials showed significant superior middle meatal spacing capacities as evidenced by greater middle turbinate medialization capability at the first postoperative visit. Additionally, patients with this type of packing saw improvements in their SNOT-22 scores at the 20-day postoperative visit. This study showed that there was no significant improvement in postoperative outcomes with drug-eluting stents when compared to nonabsorbable packing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Stents
Steroids
Turbinates
Nose
Drug-Eluting Stents
Research Ethics Committees
Debridement
Visual Analog Scale
Endoscopy
Randomized Controlled Trials

Keywords

  • absorbable packing
  • endoscopic sinus surgery
  • middle meatal spacers
  • middle turbinate lateralization
  • nonabsorbable packing
  • steroid eluting stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Comparison of steroid-releasing stents vs nonabsorbable packing as middle meatal spacers. / Rawl, Jordan W.; McQuitty, Robert A.; Khan, Mashfee H.; Reichert, Lara K.; Kuo, Yong Fang; Chaaban, Mohamad R.

In: International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rawl, Jordan W. ; McQuitty, Robert A. ; Khan, Mashfee H. ; Reichert, Lara K. ; Kuo, Yong Fang ; Chaaban, Mohamad R. / Comparison of steroid-releasing stents vs nonabsorbable packing as middle meatal spacers. In: International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology. 2019.
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abstract = "Background: A randomized controlled trial was held to compare nonabsorbable packs to steroid-eluting absorbable stents as middle meatal spacers after endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Methods: CRS patients were randomly assigned to receive either nonabsorbable Merocel packs wrapped in non-latex glove material (packing type A) or Propel steroid eluting stents (packing type B). Twenty-two–item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) scores were collected preoperatively and postoperatively during the initial 4 debridements up to 3 months. Recording of the nasal endoscopy was also collected during all postoperative visits. In addition, Lund-Kennedy scores and middle turbinate lateralization scores, using a new visual analogue scale, were compared between the 2 types of packing. Results: Forty CRS patients were prospectively enrolled in this institutional review board (IRB)-approved study. Patients with packing type A had significantly lower middle turbinate lateralization scores at their first (∼10 days) postoperative visit (p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, for left and right sides, respectively). This difference disappeared by later postoperative visits (from 20 days to 3 months). Overall, patients receiving packing type A had significant lower SNOT-22 scores at 20 days postsurgery (p = 0.05). This difference also disappeared at 1 and 3 months postoperation. There were no statistically significant differences in Lund-Kennedy scores. Conclusion: In this study, nonabsorbable packing materials showed significant superior middle meatal spacing capacities as evidenced by greater middle turbinate medialization capability at the first postoperative visit. Additionally, patients with this type of packing saw improvements in their SNOT-22 scores at the 20-day postoperative visit. This study showed that there was no significant improvement in postoperative outcomes with drug-eluting stents when compared to nonabsorbable packing.",
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AU - Rawl, Jordan W.

AU - McQuitty, Robert A.

AU - Khan, Mashfee H.

AU - Reichert, Lara K.

AU - Kuo, Yong Fang

AU - Chaaban, Mohamad R.

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N2 - Background: A randomized controlled trial was held to compare nonabsorbable packs to steroid-eluting absorbable stents as middle meatal spacers after endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Methods: CRS patients were randomly assigned to receive either nonabsorbable Merocel packs wrapped in non-latex glove material (packing type A) or Propel steroid eluting stents (packing type B). Twenty-two–item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) scores were collected preoperatively and postoperatively during the initial 4 debridements up to 3 months. Recording of the nasal endoscopy was also collected during all postoperative visits. In addition, Lund-Kennedy scores and middle turbinate lateralization scores, using a new visual analogue scale, were compared between the 2 types of packing. Results: Forty CRS patients were prospectively enrolled in this institutional review board (IRB)-approved study. Patients with packing type A had significantly lower middle turbinate lateralization scores at their first (∼10 days) postoperative visit (p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, for left and right sides, respectively). This difference disappeared by later postoperative visits (from 20 days to 3 months). Overall, patients receiving packing type A had significant lower SNOT-22 scores at 20 days postsurgery (p = 0.05). This difference also disappeared at 1 and 3 months postoperation. There were no statistically significant differences in Lund-Kennedy scores. Conclusion: In this study, nonabsorbable packing materials showed significant superior middle meatal spacing capacities as evidenced by greater middle turbinate medialization capability at the first postoperative visit. Additionally, patients with this type of packing saw improvements in their SNOT-22 scores at the 20-day postoperative visit. This study showed that there was no significant improvement in postoperative outcomes with drug-eluting stents when compared to nonabsorbable packing.

AB - Background: A randomized controlled trial was held to compare nonabsorbable packs to steroid-eluting absorbable stents as middle meatal spacers after endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Methods: CRS patients were randomly assigned to receive either nonabsorbable Merocel packs wrapped in non-latex glove material (packing type A) or Propel steroid eluting stents (packing type B). Twenty-two–item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) scores were collected preoperatively and postoperatively during the initial 4 debridements up to 3 months. Recording of the nasal endoscopy was also collected during all postoperative visits. In addition, Lund-Kennedy scores and middle turbinate lateralization scores, using a new visual analogue scale, were compared between the 2 types of packing. Results: Forty CRS patients were prospectively enrolled in this institutional review board (IRB)-approved study. Patients with packing type A had significantly lower middle turbinate lateralization scores at their first (∼10 days) postoperative visit (p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, for left and right sides, respectively). This difference disappeared by later postoperative visits (from 20 days to 3 months). Overall, patients receiving packing type A had significant lower SNOT-22 scores at 20 days postsurgery (p = 0.05). This difference also disappeared at 1 and 3 months postoperation. There were no statistically significant differences in Lund-Kennedy scores. Conclusion: In this study, nonabsorbable packing materials showed significant superior middle meatal spacing capacities as evidenced by greater middle turbinate medialization capability at the first postoperative visit. Additionally, patients with this type of packing saw improvements in their SNOT-22 scores at the 20-day postoperative visit. This study showed that there was no significant improvement in postoperative outcomes with drug-eluting stents when compared to nonabsorbable packing.

KW - absorbable packing

KW - endoscopic sinus surgery

KW - middle meatal spacers

KW - middle turbinate lateralization

KW - nonabsorbable packing

KW - steroid eluting stents

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