Competition for shared downstream signaling molecules establishes indirect negative feedback between EGFR and EphA2

Dongmyung Oh, Zhongwen Chen, Kabir H. Biswas, Funing Bai, Hui Ting Ong, Michael P. Sheetz, Jay T. Groves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cells sense a variety of extracellular growth factors and signaling molecules through numerous distinct receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) on the cell surface. In many cases, the same intracellular signaling molecules interact with more than one type of RTK. How signals from different RTKs retain the identity of the triggering receptor and how (or if) different receptors may synergize or compete remain largely unknown. Here we utilize an experimental strategy, combining microscale patterning and single-molecule imaging, to measure the competition between ephrin-A1:EphA2 and epidermal growth factor (EGF):EGF receptor (EGFR) ligand-receptor complexes for the shared downstream signaling molecules, Grb2 and SOS. The results reveal a distinct hierarchy, in which newly formed EGF:EGFR complexes outcompete ephrin-A1:EphA2 for Grb2 and SOS, revealing a type of negative crosstalk interaction fundamentally controlled by chemical mass action and protein copy number limitations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1897-1908
Number of pages12
JournalBiophysical journal
Volume121
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

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