Complications of oncologic therapy in the abdomen and pelvis: A review

Dhakshina Moorthy Ganeshan, Usama Salem, Chitra Viswanathan, Aparna Balachandran, Naveen Garg, Paul Silverman, Priya Bhosale

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cancer therapy has significantly improved in the past few decades with development of various newer classes of cytotoxic chemotherapy as well as novel, molecularly targeted chemotherapy. Similar to chemotherapy, radiotherapy is another important therapeutic option used in the curative and palliative management of various abdominal malignancies. However, both these treatments affect the tumor as well as the normal tissues, leading to significant toxicity. These side effects range from mild to life threatening, and may involve multiple organs. Imaging plays an important role in the early identification of such complications, which may allow more effective patient management. The aim of this article is to discuss and illustrate the wide spectrum of chemotherapy and radiotherapy induced complications in the abdomen and pelvis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalAbdominal Imaging
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Abdominal imaging
  • Cancer therapy complications
  • Chemotherapy complications
  • Pelvic imaging
  • Radiotherapy complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology

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