Pathological features of alkali concentration-associated burn were studied using non-invasive anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA). Alkali burn was induced in C57BL/6J mice (n = 20) by placing filter paper soaked in 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, and 1 M NaOH for 30s on the right eye (left eye control). Longitudinal imaging was performed with AS-OCT/OCTA and fluorescein angiography over 14 days, after which eyes were enucleated at 7 and 14 days for histology and immunofluorescence. Concentration-associated corneal swelling was maximal at 0.5M, increasing linearly in a concentration-dependent fashion at 0.1, 0.25, and 0.5 M NaOH, to levels of 50%, 100%, and 175% of control, respectively. At 0.1M, corneal swelling and surface erosions were prominent, while at 0.25M, deep tissue damage, limbal neovascularization, and stromal haze were evident at 7 days. At 0.5M and 1M, severe exacerbation of the corneal swelling, angle closure, Descemet's membrane detachment, hyphema, and profuse central neovascularization were noted as early as day 3, which further progressed to inflammation, fibrosis, and opacity by day 7. We conclude that alkali concentration-dependent burn intensity biomarkers can be assessed by non-invasive AS-OCT/OCTA, distinguishing between mild, moderate, and severe ocular injury, with potential relevance toward clinical utilization in human eyes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience