Considerations to Support Use of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Pediatric Measures in Ambulatory Clinics

Elizabeth D. Cox, Sarah K. Dobrozsi, Christopher B. Forrest, Wendy E. Gerhardt, Harald Kliems, Bryce B. Reeve, Nan E. Rothrock, Jin Shei Lai, Jacob M. Svenson, Lindsay A. Thompson, Thuy Dan N. Tran, Carole A. Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objective: To identify challenges to the use of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pediatric measures in the ambulatory pediatric setting and possible solutions to these challenges. Study design: Eighteen semistructured telephone interviews of health system leaders, measurement implementers, and ambulatory pediatric clinicians were conducted. Five coders used applied thematic analysis to iteratively identify and refine themes in interview data. Results: Most interviewees had roles in leadership or the implementation of patient-centered outcomes; 39% were clinicians. Some had experience using PROMIS clinically (44%) and 6% were considering this use. Analyses yielded 6 themes: (1) selection of PROMIS measures, (2) method of administration, (3) use of PROMIS Parent Proxy measures, (4) privacy and confidentiality of PROMIS responses, (5) interpretation of PROMIS scores, and (6) using PROMIS scores clinically. Within the themes, interviewees illuminated specific unique considerations for using PROMIS with children, including care transitions and privacy. Conclusions: Real-world challenges continue to hamper PROMIS use. Ongoing efforts to disseminate information about the integration of PROMIS measures in clinical care is critical to impacting the health of children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-206.e2
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
StatePublished - Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • administration
  • clinical use
  • confidentiality
  • family-centered care
  • implementation
  • outpatient
  • patient-centered care
  • patient-reported outcomes
  • scoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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