Considering Dogs as Complementary Targets of Chagas Disease Control

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This review describes the role that dogs play in Latin American countries where Chagas disease is endemic. Multiple studies determined the high frequency with which canine populations are infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. The infection prevalence of dogs is greater than that of humans and the presence of infected dogs in households is associated with a higher risk of human infection. Dog infectiousness to triatomine vectors is several-fold higher than that of humans, thereby underscoring their major role in the domestic transmission of T. cruzi. Insecticide spraying of houses is in most cases efficacious but the lack of sustainability hinders this vector-focused strategy. Multi-pronged approaches have been adopted to improve control measures but dog intervention was never included. Experimental evaluation of systemic insecticides or deltamethrin-impregnated collars suggested that dog intervention leading to triatomine killing could curb domestic transmission of T. cruzi. Larger field studies are required to determine its applicability and efficacy. However, the implementation of dog intervention could complement other control measures currently in place, mostly in periods when vector spraying has been interrupted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-94
Number of pages5
JournalVector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • Chagas disease
  • control
  • dogs
  • domestic reservoir
  • Trypanosoma cruzi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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