Contemporary Trends and Outcomes of Percutaneous and Surgical Mitral Valve Replacement or Repair in Patients With Cancer

Avirup Guha, Amit Kumar Dey, Shuab Omer, William T. Abraham, Guilherme Attizzani, Hani Jneid, Daniel Addison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the era of emerging options for mitral valvular intervention, we sought to characterize the relative utilization, outcomes, and posthospital dispositions of patients referred for transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVRepair) and surgical mitral valve procedures (SMVP), by cancer-status. Leveraging the National Inpatient Sample, a representative national dataset, ICD-9 codes for all adults >18 years with co-morbid mitral regurgitation, and cancer without metastatic disease admitted from 2003 to 2015 were queried. TMVRepair was performed in 700 hospitalizations from 2012 to 2015, whereas SMVP was utilized during 12,863 hospitalizations from 2003 to 2015. During follow-up, we observed a proportional increase in TMVRepair utilization among cancer patients (vs noncancer), particularly in 2015 (14.2% vs 8.2%, p <0.0001). There was no difference in in-hospital mortality (1.4% vs 1.8%, p = 0.71), ischemic stroke (0.7% vs 0.6%, p = 0.97), major bleeding (8.6% vs 10.9%, p = 0.36), and home discharge (62.1% vs 65.7%, p = 0.45) by cancer-status among patients who underwent TMVRepair; but, cost of care was increased ($52,325 vs $48,832, p <0.0001). Similarly, there was no difference in in-hospital mortality (3.1% vs 3.4%, p = 0.36), ischemic stroke (2.6% vs 3.1%, p = 0.16) as well as the cost-of-care ($58,106 vs $58,844, p = 0.49) among those who underwent SMVP across the same period; but, cancer was associated with increased major bleeding (34.9% vs 30.5%, p <0.0001), and lower likelihood of home discharge (32.8% vs 38.6%, p <0.0001). In conclusion, TMVRepair and SMVP were associated with comparable in-hospital mortality and outcomes in cancer versus noncancer patients. However, cancer patients treated with SMVP experienced more frequent bleeding related complications compared with noncancer patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1355-1360
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume125
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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