Contractile function and myofibrillar ATPase activity in the exercise-trained dog heart

R. T. Dowell, H. L. Stone, L. A. Sordahl, G. K. Asimakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Myocardial contractility and the enzymatic (ATPase) activity of cardiac contractile proteins were examined after exercise training using the chronically instrumented, unanesthetized dog as an experimental model. Before training, heart rate and the maximum rate of left ventricular pressure development (max dP/dt) were measured at rest and during submaximal exercise. Animals were then subjected to an 8- to 10-wk treadmill running program. Training was verified by the establishment of a 10- to 20-beat/min reduction in heart rate during submaximal exercise. After training max dP/dt was within normal limits at rest, but significantly elevated during submaximal exercise. When max dP/dt was plotted as a function of heart rate, either with the animal standing quietly on the treadmil or during submaximal exercise, a marked elevation in max dP/dt at any given heart rate was observed following training. Myofibrillar protein yield and ATPase activity values were nearly identical in left ventricles from exercise-trained and sedentary control dogs. Although exercise training by treadmill running improved contractile function in the unanaesthetized dog myocardium, this response does not appear to involve alterations in myofibrillar ATPase activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)977-982
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology Respiratory Environmental and Exercise Physiology
Volume43
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes

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Adenosine Triphosphatases
Heart Rate
Dogs
Running
Exercise
Contractile Proteins
Ventricular Pressure
Heart Ventricles
Myocardium
Theoretical Models
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology

Cite this

Contractile function and myofibrillar ATPase activity in the exercise-trained dog heart. / Dowell, R. T.; Stone, H. L.; Sordahl, L. A.; Asimakis, G. K.

In: Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory Environmental and Exercise Physiology, Vol. 43, No. 6, 1977, p. 977-982.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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