Contribution of diaphragmatic power output to exercise-induced diaphragm fatigue

M. A. Babcock, D. F. Pegelow, S. R. McClaran, Oscar Suman, J. A. Dempsey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Scopus citations


In nine normal humans we compared the effects on diaphragm fatigue of whole body exercise to exhaustion (86-93% of maximal O2 uptake for 13.2 ± 2.0 min) to voluntary increases in the tidal integral of transdiaphragmatic pressure (∫Pdi) while at rest at the same magnitude and frequency and for the same duration as those during exercise. After the endurance exercise, we found a consistent and significant fall (-26 ± 2.9%, range -19.2 to -41.0%) in the Pdi response to supramaximal bilateral phrenic nerve stimulation at all stimulation frequencies (1, 10, and 20 Hz). ∫Pdi · f(B) (where f(B) is breathing frequency) achieved during exercise averaged 509 ± 81.0 cmH2O/min (range 304.0-957.0 cmH2O/min). At rest, voluntary production of ∫Pdi · f(B), which was <550-600 cmH2O/min (~4 times the resting eupenic ∫Pdi · f(B) or 6070% of Pdi capacity), did not result in significant diaphragmatic fatigue, whereas sustained voluntary production of ∫Pdi · f(B) in excess of these threshold values usually did result in significant fatigue. Thus, with few exceptions (5 of 23 tests) the ventilatory requirements of whole body endurance exercise demanded a level of ∫Pdi · f(B) that, by itself, was not fatiguing. The rested first dorsal interosseous muscle showed no fatigue in response to supramaximal ulnar nerve stimulation after whole body exercise. We postulate that the effects of locomotor muscle activity, such as competition for blood flow distribution and/or extracellular fluid acidosis, in conjunction with a contracting diaphragm account for most of the exercise- induced diaphragm fatigue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1710-1719
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes



  • endurance exercise
  • fatigue threshold
  • low-frequency fatigue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Babcock, M. A., Pegelow, D. F., McClaran, S. R., Suman, O., & Dempsey, J. A. (1995). Contribution of diaphragmatic power output to exercise-induced diaphragm fatigue. Journal of Applied Physiology, 78(5), 1710-1719.