Substance P (SP) is released peripherally from nociceptive terminals and has a direct effect on vascular cells. The present study suggests an indirect effect as well. In normal rats and rats with one hindpaw inflamed for 48 h following intraplantar injection of complete Freund's adjuvant, neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptors were immunohistochemically localized on postganglionic sympathetic axons. The percentage of NK1-labeled axons in the gray rami from normal rats was 35.0±5.0; in inflamed rats this percentage increased significantly to 49.1±2.3. These data suggest a sensory-sympathetic reflex, where SP activates these peripheral sympathetic receptors with subsequent release of noradrenaline and other compounds to affect vascular cells indirectly. This control is enhanced after inflammation.
- Substance P
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