Controversies in Female Genital Cosmetic Surgeries

Gabriela E. Halder, Cheryl B. Iglesia, Rebecca G. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Female genital cosmetic surgery (FGCS) aims to alter the structure and appearance of female genitalia to attain the desired shape, size or look, or to decrease labial interference during intercourse, relieve pain and discomfort with clothing and exercise or decrease vaginal caliber and laxity. In the last 5 years, the number of labiaplasty surgeries performed in the United States rose by 53%. Despite the increasing popularity of FGCS, several divergent opinions regarding the ethics, safety, and efficacy of these procedures exist. Here we provide a brief overview of the terminology and techniques for FGCS and summarize current controversies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-288
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • cosmetic gynecology
  • ethics
  • labiaplasty
  • laser
  • radiofrequency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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