• PURPOSE: To assess the clinical outcomes of conventional and wavefront-guided myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) retreatment. • DESIGN: Retrospective, nonrandomized case series. • METHODS: The study comprised a cohort of 97 eyes having LASIK retreatment for residual myopia after primary LASIK. The eyes were divided into two groups: conventional retreatment (CR) group (n = 74) and wavefront-guided retreatment (WR) group (n = 23). The retreatment LASIK was performed using LADARVison 4000 with/without CustomCornea (Alcon Surgical, Orlando, Florida, USA). The mean follow-up was 8.9 ± 5.8 months after retreatment (range three to thirty-six months). • RESULTS: The mean pre-retreatment spherical equivalent (SE) was -0.93 ± 0.41 diopters in the CR group and -0.84 ± 0.48 diopters in the WR group (P = .409). At the last visit, the mean SE was -0.19 ± 0.28 diopters and +0.32 ± 0.47 diopters, respectively (P < .001). An SE of ± 0.50 diopters was achieved in 92% (68 of 74) of CR eyes and 65% (15 of 23) of WR eyes. In the CR group, 85% eyes had a uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) < 20/20 and 99% < 20/40, and in the WR group, 35% and 100%, respectively. None of the CR eyes and 17% (4 of 23) of WR eyes lost two lines of best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA). Nine percent (7 of 74) of CR eyes and 30% of WR eyes (7 of 23) had optical symptoms before retreatment, the number was reduced to 1% (1 of 74) and 4% (1 of 23), respectively. • CONCLUSIONS: In the study period with the current equipment, our results showed that conventional LASIK retreatment was superior to wavefront-guided LASIK retreatment in both efficacy and safety.
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