Coronavirus 2′-O-methyltransferase: A promising therapeutic target

Craig Schindewolf, Vineet D. Menachery

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coronaviruses (CoVs) have been the source of multiple epidemics and a global pandemic since the start of century, and there is an urgent need to understand CoV biology and develop better therapeutics. Here, we review the role of NSP16 in CoV replication, specifically its importance to 2′-O-methylation and CoV RNA capping. We describe the attenuation phenotypes of NSP16-mutant CoVs, the roles of MDA5 and IFITs in sensing and antagonizing viral RNA lacking 2′O methylation, and the dependence on 2′-O-methylation in other virus families. We also detail the growing body of research into targeting 2′-O-methylation for therapeutics or as a platform for live attenuated vaccines. Beyond its role in RNA capping, NSP16 may have yet uncharacterized importance to CoV replication, highlighting the need for continued studies into NSP16 functions. Understanding the full contribution of NSP16 to the replicative fitness of CoVs will better inform the development of treatments against future CoV outbreaks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number199211
JournalVirus Research
Volume336
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2023

Keywords

  • 2′O methyl-transferase
  • Antiviral
  • Capping
  • Coronavirus
  • IFIT
  • IFIT1
  • IFIT3
  • NSP16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Cancer Research

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